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OECD Studies on Water
Ten Years of Water Sector Reform in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia
OECD Publishing , Publication date:  16 Aug 2011
Pages: 148 , Language: English
Version: E-book (PDF Format)
ISBN: 9789264118430 , OECD Code: 972011131E1
Price:   €22 | $30 | £19 | ¥2800 | MXN390
Availability: Available
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Other Versions:  Print - Paperback

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Description

This report evaluates how well EECCA countries have done in ensuring people’s access to adequate water supply and sanitation services since their Economic, Finance, and Environment Ministers adopted the Almaty Guiding Principles to support such efforts in 2000. Besides looking at trends in the technical and financial performance of the water sector, the report analyses the results of institutional reforms at different levels of governance, as well as financing arrangements. Analysis focuses mainly on urban areas, but some of the challenges in rural areas are also examined. The report draws policy recommendations to help countries stem the decline in the sector’s performance that has occurred over the last decade, despite opportunities provided by rapid economic growth in many EECCA countries in this period.


Table of contents:

Executive Summary
Chapter 1: Setting the scene
Chapter 2:
Recent trends and current status
-Overview of the chapter
-Initial condition of the water supply and sanitation sector
-Defining relevant performance indicators in the EECCA region
-Urban water sub-sector: Key technical performance indicators
-Urban sanitation sub-sector: Key technical performance indicators
-Key financial performance indicators for urban water utilities
-Rural water supply and sanitation
-Consequences of service quality on health and the environment
Chapter 3: Institutional reforms
-Overview of the chapter
-Overall water sector reform performance
-Finding the optimal scale of operations
-Setting up national regulators for water supply and sanitation
-Introducing private sector participation in water sector operations
-Reducing corruption and improving transparency in the sector
Chapter 4: Financial sustainability
-Overview of the chapter
-Revenues from tariffs on water supply and sanitation services
-The role of domestic public spending
-Official development assistance
-Repayable financing from private sources
-Going forward: Where is the money going to come from?
Chapter 5: Policy recommendations
-Overview of the chapter
-Why it is opportune to act now
-What can be done?
-Annex: Key statistics by country
Bibliography

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