Recent advances in the scientific understanding of urban traffic congestion have only strengthened the already solid case for congestion charges as an element of a successful urban transport policy. But examples of real-world congestion charging systems remain few and far between. What can be done to improve the chances of their more widespread adoption in practice? This report draws lessons from attempts to introduce congestion charges.
Technology is not an obstacle, and technologies should serve policy purposes instead of define them. Charging systems are not cheap and thus should only be used where congestion is severe. Public acceptance is seen to be the key to successful implementation. Although environmental benefits and careful deployment of toll revenues may improve acceptance, a charging system should never lose sight of its principal aim, which is to reduce congestion.
Table of contents:
SUMMARY OF DISCUSSIONSCritical Success Factors for Implementing Road Charging Systems, by Bernhard OEHRY (Switzerland) -1. From road-user charging to congestion charging -2. An indispensable congestion management tool -3. What makes a charging measure a success? -4. Technical design issues -5. Scheme layout issues -6. Acceptance issues -7. Conclusions The Singapore Experience: The evolution of technologies, costs and benefits, and lessons learnt, by Kian-Keong CHIN (Singapore) -1. Introduction -2. Manual road-pricing scheme -3. Electronic road pricing (ERP) -4. Lessons learnt -5. Conclusion So you’re considering introducing congestion charging? Here’s what you need to know, byJonas ELIASSON (Sweden) -1. Introduction -2. Basic facts: Why and how it works -3. Getting large benefits: Efficient charge design -4. Getting low costs: Efficient procurement and technology -5. Getting public acceptance Revisiting the Cost of the Stockholm Congestion Charging System, by Carl HAMILTON(Sweden) -1. Introduction -2. Background -3. Cost items -4. Conclusions Road Pricing with Complications, by Mogens FOSGERAU (Denmark/Sweden) and Kurt VAN DENDER (OECD/ITF – France) -1. Introduction -2. The standard textbook analysis -3. Heterogeneous travellers -4. Travel time risk -5. Measuring and modelling supply -6. Second-best issues -7. Conclusion LIST OF PARTICIPANTS