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Inventory of Estimated Budgetary Support and Tax Expenditures for Fossil Fuels
OECD Publishing , Publication date:  02 Jan 2012
Pages: 368 , Language: English
Version: E-book (PDF Format)
ISBN: 9789264128736 , OECD Code: 222011051E1
Price:   €77 | $107 | £69 | ¥10000 | MXN1380
Availability: Available
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Description

This publication provides preliminary, quantitative estimates of direct budgetary support and tax expenditures supporting the production or consumption of fossil fuels in selected OECD member countries. The information has been compiled as part of the OECD’s programme of work to develop a better understanding of environmentally harmful subsidies (EHS). It has been undertaken as an exercise in transparency, and to inform the international dialogue on fossil-fuel subsidy reform. It is also intended to inform the ongoing efforts of G20 nations to reform fossil-fuel subsidies.

For each of the 24 OECD countries covered, the Inventory provides a succinct summary of its energy economy, and of the budgetary and tax-related measures provided at the central-government level (and, in the case of federal countries, for selected sub-national units of government) relating to fossil-fuel production or consumption.

Many measures listed in this inventory are relative preferences within a particular country’s tax system rather than absolute support that can be readily compared across countries, and for that reason no national totals are provided.


Table of contents:

Foreword
Acknowledgements
Abbreviations
Currency abbreviations
Executive Summary
-The need for an inventory
-How fossil fuels are supported in OECD countries
1. Introduction
-Structure of the report
-Coverage, method and data sources
-Interpretation of the data
-Types of tax expenditures relating to fossil fuels
-Measurement and interpretation of tax expenditures
-International comparability
-References
2. Australia
-Energy resources and market structure
-Prices, taxes and support mechanisms
-Data documentation
-General notes
-Producer Support Estimate
-Consumer Support Estimate
-General Services Support Estimate
-References
3. Belgium
-Energy resources and market structure
-Prices, taxes and support mechanisms
-Data documentation
-General notes
-Producer Support Estimate
-Consumer Support Estimate
-References
4. Canada
-Energy resources and market structure
-Prices, taxes and support mechanisms
-Data documentation
-General notes
-Producer Support Estimate
-Consumer Support Estimate
-General Services Support Estimate
-References
5. Chile
-Energy resources and market structure
-Prices, taxes and support mechanisms
-Data documentation
-General notes
-Consumer Support Estimate
-References
6. France
-Energy resources and market structure
-Prices, taxes and support mechanisms
-Data documentation
-General notes
-Producer Support Estimate
-Consumer Support Estimate
-General Services Support Estimate
-References
7. Germany
-Energy resources and market structure
-Prices, taxes and support mechanisms
-Data documentation
-General notes
-Producer Support Estimate
-Consumer Support Estimate
-General Services Support Estimate
-References
8. Hungary
-Energy resources and market structure
-Prices, taxes and support mechanisms
-Data documentation
-General notes
-Producer Support Estimate
-Consumer Support Estimate
-General Services Support Estimate
-References
9. Iceland
-Energy resources and market structure
-Prices, taxes and support mechanisms
-Data documentation
-General notes
-Consumer Support Estimate
-References
10. Ireland
-Energy resources and market structure
-Prices, taxes and support mechanisms
-Data documentation
-General notes
-Producer Support Estimate
-Consumer Support Estimate
-References
11. Israel
-Energy resources and market structure
-Prices, taxes and support mechanisms
-Data documentation
-General notes
-Producer Support Estimate
-Consumer Support Estimate
-General Services Support Estimate
-References
12. Italy
-Energy resources and market structure
-Prices, taxes and support mechanisms
-Data documentation
-General notes
-Producer Support Estimate
-Consumer Support Estimate
-References
13. Japan
-Energy resources and market structure
-Prices, taxes and support mechanisms
-Data documentation
-General notes
-Producer Support Estimate
-Consumer Support Estimate
-General Services Support Estimate
-References
14. Korea
-Energy resources and market structure
-Prices, taxes and support mechanisms
-Data documentation
-General notes
-Producer Support Estimate
-Consumer Support Estimate
-General Services Support Estimate
-References
15. Luxembourg
-Energy resources and market structure
-Prices, taxes and support mechanisms
-Data documentation
-General notes
-Consumer Support Estimate
-References
16. Mexico
-Energy resources and market structure
-Prices, taxes and support mechanisms
-Data documentation
-General notes
-Consumer Support Estimate
-References
17. Netherlands
-Energy resources and market structure
-Prices, taxes and support mechanisms
-Data documentation
-General notes
-Producer Support Estimate
-Consumer Support Estimate
-References
18. New Zealand
-Energy resources and market structure
-Prices, taxes and support mechanisms
-Data documentation
-General notes
-Producer Support Estimate
-Consumer Support Estimate
-General Services Support Estimate
-References
19. Norway
-Energy resources and market structure
-Prices, taxes and support mechanisms
-Data documentation
-General notes
-Producer Support Estimate
-Consumer Support Estimate
-General Services Support Estimate
-References
20. Poland
-Energy resources and market structure
-Prices, taxes and support mechanisms
-Data documentation
-General notes
-Producer Support Estimate
-Consumer Support Estimate
-General Services Support Estimate
-References
21. Spain
-Energy resources and market structure
-Prices, taxes and support mechanisms 
-Data documentation
-General notes
-Producer Support Estimate
-Consumer Support Estimate
-General Services Support Estimate
-References
22. Sweden
-Energy resources and market structure
-Prices, taxes and support mechanisms
-Data documentation
-General notes
-Producer Support Estimates
-Consumer Support Estimates
-References
23. Turkey
-Energy resources and market structure
-Prices, taxes and support mechanisms
-Data documentation
-Producer Support Estimate
-Consumer Support Estimate
-References
24. United Kingdom
-
Energy resources and market structure
-Prices, taxes and support mechanisms
-Data documentation
-General notes
-Producer Support Estimate
-Consumer Support Estimate
-General Services Support Estimate
-References
25. United States
-Energy resources and market structure
-Prices, taxes and support mechanisms
-Data documentation
-General notes
-Producer Support Estimate
-Consumer Support Estimate
-General Services Support Estimate
-References
Glossary
-Sources

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