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Against the Odds
Disadvantaged Students Who Succeed in School
OECD Publishing , Publication date:  20 Jul 2011
Pages: 200 , Language: English
Version: Print (Paperback) + PDF
ISBN: 9789264089952 , OECD Code: 982010061P1
Price:   €39 | $54 | £35 | ¥5000 | MXN700 , Standard shipping included!
Availability: Available (Print on Demand)
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Other Versions:  E-book - PDF Format

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Many socio-economically disadvantaged students excel in PISA. Students who succeed at school despite a disadvantaged background -- resilient students -- are the focus of Against the Odds. The report shows that overcoming barriers to achievement is possible, and provides students, parents, policy makers and other education stakeholders insights into what enables socio-economically disadvantaged students to fulfil their potential. Resilient students are characterised by positive approaches to learning, for example, having more interest in science or having more self-confidence. The evidence in PISA shows that positive approaches to learning tend to boost the performance of advantaged students more than that of disadvantaged ones. From an equity perspective, therefore, policies aimed at fostering positive approaches to learning ought to target disadvantaged students more than others.

Table of contents:

Executive Summary
Chapter 1. PISA as a Study of Student Resilience
-Socio-economic background and academic success
-Student resilience
-The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) as a study of student resilience
-Structure of the report
Chapter 2. Defining and Characterising Student Resilience in PISA
-Defining resilient and disadvantaged low-achieving students using PISA
--An international perspective
--Comparing the shares of resilient students across countries
--A within-country perspective
-Similarities and differences of resilient students across countries
-Student resilience across science, reading and mathematics
-Student resilience among specific demographic groups within countries
--Immigrant background
--Language spoken at home
Chapter 3. A Profile of Student Resilience
-Studentsí attitudes and behaviours and the learning environment at school: Definitions and overview
-The analysis: A brief description of the models presented in this chapter
-Student approaches to learning
--Student motivation to learn science
--Student engagement with science activities outside of school
--Student confidence in their science ability
--Student perspectives towards science-related careers
-Student engagement in science courses at school and time spent learning
-Learning environment at school
-Combined effects of student and school factors on student resilience
Chapter 4. Closing the Gap? Enhancing the Performance of Socio-Economically Disadvantaged Students
-Models of student resilience
-Student approaches to learning
--Improved performance
--Closing the gap
-Hours spent and courses taken to learn science
--Improved performance
--Closing the gap
-Learning environment at school
--Improved performance
--Closing the gap
Chapter 5. Conclusions and Policy Implications
-Findings and implications for educational policy and practice
Annex A1: Defining and characterising student resilience in PISA
-Annex A2: A profile of student resilience
-Annex A3: Closing the gap? Enhancing the performance of socio-economically disadvantaged students
-Annex A4: Conclusions and policy implications
-Annex A5: Technical notes

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