Improving the performance of youth in the labour market is a crucial challenge in OECD countries facing persistent youth unemployment. Getting off to a good start facilitates integration and lays the foundation for a good career, while a poor beginning can be difficult to make up. Part of a series of reports on the school-to-work transition process in 16 countries, this report surveys the main barriers to employment for young people in Spain and assesses the adequacy and effectiveness of existing measures to improve the transition from school to work. The report includes a set of policy recommendations for further action by the public authorities and social partners in Spain.
Table of contents:
Summary and Recommendations Introduction Chapter 1. The Challenge Ahead -Demographics and Labour Market Outcomes -The Transition from School to Work in Spain -Characteristics of Jobs Performed by Youth: Stepping Stones or Traps? -Do Youth Jobs Pay Well? -What is the Link between Jobs Held by Youth and Skills Acquired in School? -Summary Chapter 2. Initial Education and Learning on the Job -Performance of the Education System -Strategies to Reduce Early School Leaving and Deal with Dropouts -Between School and Work -The Challenges Faced by University Education -Training on the Job -Summary Chapter. 3. Removing Demand-Side Barriers -Wages and Labour Costs -Special Contract Types to Stimulate Work Demand for Youth -Changes to Employment Protection Legislation and Financial Incentives for Hiring on Permanent Contracts -Summary Chapter 4. Passive and Active Labour Market Policies to Mobilise Young People into Work -The Role of Passive Labour Market Measures for Youth -Activation of Unemployed Youth -Better Support to Unemployed Youth:Drawing from the Experiences of Other OECD Countries -Summary Annexes -Are Youth Satisfied with their First Job? -The Structure of Education in Spain -Labour Market Performance of Youth Leaving Education -A Timeline of EPL Reforms in Spain -Beneficiaries of Labour Market Policies in Spain