This study, part of a series on OECD countries, considers how a tax/benefit and childcare policies and workplace practices help determine parental labour market outcomes and may impinge on family formation in New Zealand, Portugal and Switzerland. The book makes recommendations for policy reform aimed at a better reconciliation of work and family commitments in these three countries.
Tables des matières:
Chapter 1. Main Findings and Policy Recommendations -Introduction to the Review -Key Family and Work Outcomes -The Family-Friendly Policy Stance -Childcare Systems -Tax/Benefit Policy -Family-Friendly Workplaces -Promoting Gender Equity Chapter 2. The Socio-Economic Environment -The Macroeconomic Context -The Demographic Context -The Policy Context -Summary Chapter 3. Parental Labour Market Outcomes: A Gender Issue -Gender Differences in Employment Outcomes -Mothers in Employment -Distribution of Work in Households with Children -Gender Earnings Differentials -Summary -Statistical Annex to Chapter 3 Chapter 4. Childcare Systems and Policies -Childcare Policy Objectives -Types of Facilities and the Use of Childcare -Three Competing Public Policy Goals: Access, Quality, and Capacity -Conclusions -Annex to Chapter 4: Graphic Showing Funding Flows Chapter 5. Balancing Adequacy with Work Incentives -Main Characteristics of Tax/Benefit Systems -Disincentives to Work for Second Earners -Sole Parent Families Struggling with Joblessness -Conclusions -Statistical Annex to Chapter 5 Chapter 6. Time-Related Workplace Support for Parents -Family-Friendly Policy Measures: Setting the Scene -The Public Case for Family-Friendly Policies -Family Friendly Workplaces -Conclusions Bibliography Background Annex to the Review