Moving people and freight in an environmentally sustainable manner will be one of the biggest challenges of the 21st century. Overall, insufficient progress has been made so far towards achieving environmental sustainability for the transport sector. A new target-oriented approach is needed that places environment and health at the top of the policy agenda for transport and related sectors, at international, national and local levels. The OECD’s Working Group on Transport recently concluded a five-year work programme with the development of Guidelines for Environmentally Sustainable Transport (EST) and supporting analytical reports, endorsed by OECD Environment Ministers at their meeting in Paris on 16 May 2001.
Tables des matières:
Executive Summary 1. Introduction -Background to the EST Project -Backcasting: The Key Feature of the EST Project -Overview of Phases 1 and 2 -Phase 3 and the Present Report 2. Instruments for Achieving EST -Assessment and Selection of Instrumens by the Member Country Project Teams -The Instrument Packages Proposed by the Project Teams -Comparisons of Instrument Packages -Phasing of Implementation -Discussion of the Member Country Teams' Strategies -Conclusions from the Work on Instruments 3. Economic and Social Implications of EST -Assessment of Economic Implications -Estimation of External Costs -Assessment of Social Implications 4. Barriers to Attainment and Gaps in Knowledge -Individual Barriers to Attainment of EST -Societal Barriers to Attainment of EST -Technological Barriers to Attainment of EST -Gaps in Knowledge -Conclusions Concerning Barriers and Gaps in Knowledge 5. The Way Ahead -Strategies for Achieving EST -Overcoming Barriers -Changing Public Attitudes -Infrastructure Investment and Technological Development -Comprehensive Strategies are Required -Guidelines for Moving Towards EST -Prospects for Progress towards EST 6. Conclusions Appendix A. Detailed Tables Appendix B. Economic Analysis -Part I. Assessment of the Economic Implications of EST -Part II. Estimation of External Costs for the EST Case Studies End Notes