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OECD Studies on Environmental Innovation
Energy and Climate Policy
Bending the Technological Trajectory
OECD Publishing , Publication date:  30 Nov 2012
Pages: 134 , Language: English
Version: Print (Paperback) + PDF
ISBN: 9789264174566 , OECD Code: 972012071P1
Price:   €48 | $67 | £43 | ¥6200 | MXN860 , Standard shipping included!
Availability: Available
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Other languages:  French (Available)
Other Versions:  E-book - PDF Format

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Tables: 17  Charts: 39 

Technological innovation can lower the cost of achieving environmental objectives, so it is important to understand how environmental policy design and technological innovation are linked. This is particularly true in the area of climate change where the estimated future costs of reducing greenhouse gas emissions are affected greatly by the technological trajectory of the economy. While we suspect that public policy can play an important role in accelerating the development and diffusion of climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies, empirical evidence in this area remains scant. This book presents a series of papers that explore the extent to which technological innovation can lower the cost of achieving climate change mitigation objectives.

Table of contents:

Executive summary
Chapter 1. Recent trends in innovation in climate change mitigation technologies  by Ivan Haščič, Fleur Watson, Nick Johnstone and Chris Kaminker
1. Introduction
2. Construction of patent indicators
3. Evidence of CCMT inventive activity
4. Technology transfer, knowledge spillovers and research co-operation
5. Lessons from studies on renewable energy and energy efficiency
6. Conclusions
Annex 1.A1. List of CCMT fields available in OECD.stat
Annex 1.A2. Supplementary data
Chapter 2. The determinants of innovation in electricity generation technologies: A patent data analysis by Elisa Lanzi, Ivan Haščič and Nick Johnstone
1. Introduction
2. Patent data in the electricity sector
3. The determinants of innovation in the sector
4. Model specification, estimation method and results
5. Concluding remarks
Annex 2.A1. Selected patent data classes for fuel-based technologies
Chapter 3. Technological change, fuel efficiency and carbon intensity in electricity generation: A cross-country empirical study by Elena Verdolini, Nick Johnstone and Ivan Haščič
1. Introduction
2. The electricity sector and fuel efficiency
3. Efficiency in fossil-fuel electricity generation: Definitions and trends
4. Patent data on fuel-efficiency innovation
5. Estimation results
6. Efficiency determinants and carbon intensity
7. Conclusion
Annex 3.A1. Emission factors (tonne of CO2/TJ)
Chapter 4. Increasing the penetration of intermittent renewable energy: Innovation in energy storage and grid management by Nick Johnstone and Ivan Haščič
1. Introduction
2. Intermittency in renewable energy generation and system flexibility
3. Innovation in energy storage and grid management
4. Determinants of innovation in energy storage and grid management
5. Conclusions and further research
Chapter 5. International technology agreements for climate change: Analysis based on co-invention data by Nadja Kahrobaie, Ivan Haščič and Nick Johnstone
1. Introduction
2. Literature review
3. International research collaboration in CCMTs
4. The implementing agreements and co-invention in CCMTs
5. Modelling strategy and results
6. Conclusions
Chapter 6. Energy and climate policy: Conclusions and further policy research by Nick Johnstone and Ivan Haščič

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