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OECD Studies on Environmental Innovation
Better Policies to Support Eco-innovation
OECD Publishing , Publication date:  15 Mar 2011
Pages: 304 , Language: English
Version: E-book (PDF Format)
ISBN: 9789264096684 , OECD Code: 972011011E1
Price:   €46 | $64 | £41 | ¥5900 | MXN820
Availability: Available
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Other languages:  Spanish (Available)
Other Versions:  Print - Paperback
Multilingual summaries:  French, English

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Electronic format: Acrobat PDF


Eco-innovation is more important than ever on the public policy agenda. It is a major driver for green growth and contributes to the environmental performance and economic development of OECD and developing countries alike.

This report takes a pragmatic approach to policies that support the development and diffusion of eco-innovation. Building on the OECD Innovation Strategy, it argues that eco-innovation is not merely about technological developments: non-technical innovations matter as well. It acknowledges that policies do not operate in a vacuum and that they must take account of the contexts that influence the development and diffusion of eco-innovation, such as market structures. It explores links between eco-innovation policies and related fields such as industry, competition, and international cooperation.

This work builds on an OECD inventory of eco-innovation policies in OECD countries and in China. It also draws on studies of select environment-friendly innovations, highlighting different patterns of development across countries. It also incorporates extensive international consultation on the topics of eco-innovation and green growth.

The results from this publication will contribute to the Green Growth Strategy being developed by the OECD as a practical policy package for governments to harness the potential of greener growth.

For more information on OECD work on eco-innovation, visit:

Table of contents:
Acronyms and Abbreviations
Executive summary
Chapter 1. Towards eco-innovation - The role of policy
-The value of a strategic approach: Eco-innovation roadmaps
-Combining technical and non-technical innovation: From clean technologies to eco-innovation
-Joining up an array of policies: Co-ordination needs
-The role of public-private partnerships
-New models for technology transfer
-Annex 1.A1. Methodology for assessing eco-innovation roadmaps under the European Union's Environmental Technology Action Plan
Chapter 2. Combined heat and power - Policies in Germany and Canada
-The technological and competitive environment
-Market, utility and demand characteristics for CHP
-Main challenges faced by CHP technologies
-Domestic public policies for CHP
Chapter 3. Micro combined heat and power generation - Policies in Germany
-Micro-CHP fuel cell technologies, markets and industry
-The deployment of micro-CHP fuel cells in Germany
-The main drivers affecting micro-CHP fuel cells
-Annex 3.A1. List of interviews
-Annex 3.A2. The added value of micro-CHP fuel cells
-Annex 3.A3. Leading countries in FC-based micro-CHP
Chapter 4. Carbon capture and storage - Policies in Germany and Canada
-The technological and competitive environment
-Market-utility and demand characteristics for CCS eco-innovation
-Main challenges faced by CCS eco-innovation
-Domestic public policies for CCS
-Conclusion: The role of initial conditions in policy orientations and timing
Chapter 5. Electric cars - Policies in Canada, France and Germany
-Technological and competitive environment for electric vehicles
-Market, utility and demand characteristics for electric cars
-Main challenges faces by electric cars
-National public policies for electric cars
Chapter 6. Biopackaging - What role for public policy?
-Benefits of biopackaging eco-innovation
-Biopackaging market prospects limited to niche segments according to industry
-The pending issue of management of biopackaging waste and recycling
Chapter 7. Solar tiles in Portugal - Linking research and industry
-The Solar Tiles Consortium
-Basics of the technology
-Eco-innovation in Portugal
-Public strategy and modes of intervention
-Prospects for the future
-Lessons learned
Chapter 8. The UK Carbon Trust - A public-private partnership for eco-innovation
-Rationale and objectives
-Organisation and governance relations
-Budget and financial arrangements
-Main types of activities
-External co-ordination and coherence
-Main findings and lessons learned
-Annex  8A1. List of interviews
Chapter 9. Sustainable Development Technology Canada - The public-private partnership potential
-An instrument framed for the specific features of eco-innovation?
-A coherent and articulated investment strategy for eco-innovation
-Public-private partnerships versus alternative instruments to stimulate and support eco-innovation
-How does SDTC cope with the usual criticisms addressed to PPPs?
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