This study analyses a range of advanced nuclear fuel cycle options from the perspective of their effect on radioactive waste management policies. It presents various fuel cycle options which illustrate differences between alternative technologies, but does not purport to cover all foreseeable future fuel cycles. The analysis extends the work carried out in previous studies, assesses the fuel cycles as a whole, including all radioactive waste generated at each step of the cycles, and covers high-level waste repository performance for the different fuel cycles considered.
Table of contents:
Executive Summary 1. Introduction -Background -Sustainable Development Perspective -Main Results of Earlier Studies -Current Study 2. Fuel Cycles -Introduction -Fuel Cycle Schemes -Reactor and Fuel Cycle Statistics -Analysis Methods -Results -Conclusions -References 3. Waste Generation Processes and Waste Characteristics -Introduction -Waste Generated by Processes of the Fuel Cycle -Decommissioning Waste -Comparison between Fuel Cycles -Conclusions -References 4. Fission Product Management Options -Fission Product Separation -Fission Product Target Fabrication -Effects of Heat-Generating Fission Product Separation -ORIENT-Cycle -Conclusions -References 5. Waste Management and Disposal -Introduction -Disposal of LILW -Geological Disposal of HLW -Evaluations of the Impact of Advanced Fuel Cycles on Geological Disposal of HLW -Conclusions -References 6. Economic Analysis -Introduction -Methodology -Results -Conclusions -References 7. Conclusions