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The South African economy, including agriculture, is increasingly integrated in world markets with about one-third of agricultural production exported. Wide ranging reforms liberalising domestic and foreign trade, and lowering support to agriculture were implemented in the 1990s. This first comprehensive OECD review of agriculture in South Africa assesses agricultural policies in the context of liberalisation reforms taken, new market pressures, land reform, and Black Economic Empowerment measures and makes a series of policy recommendations.
Table of contents:
Highlights and Policy Recommendations -1. Reforms and their Impacts -2. Current Agricultural Policies -3. Effects of Policy Reforms -4. Policy Challenges and Recommendations Chapter 1. The Policy Context -1.1. A Historical Perspective -1.2. The Agriculture and Food Sector in South Africa -1.3. Deregulation of Agricultural Marketing and Impacts on the Agricultural Markets -1.4. South Africa's Trade in Agricultural Products Chapter 2. Policy Evaluation -2.1. Agricultural Policy Framework -2.2. Domestic Policies -2.3. Agro-Food Trade Policies -2.4. Government Expenditures on Agro-Food Policies -2.5. Evaluation of Policy Instruments and Institutional Arrangements -2.6. Evaluation of Support to South African Agriculture -Annex. Supporting Tables and Figures Chapter 3. Policy Effects -3.1. Market Access Barriers to South African Agricultural Exports -3.2. Welfare Impacts of Trade and Agricultural Policy Reforms -3.3. Household Impact of Trade and Agricultural Policy Reforms -3.4. The Impact of Liberalisation on South African Agricultural Commodity Markets -3.5. The Effects of Policy Reform on Food Security -Annexes: Supporting Tables and Analysis Acronyms