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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews
OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Colombia 2014
OECD, United Nations. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. Published by : OECD Publishing , Publication date:  16 Apr 2014
Pages: 236 , Language: English
Version: Print (Paperback) + PDF
ISBN: 9789264208285 , OECD Code: 972014011P1
Price:   €57 | $79 | £51 | ¥7400 | MXN1020 , Standard shipping included!
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Other languages:  Spanish (Available) French (Will ship within 10 days)
Other Versions:  E-book - PDF Format

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Details
Tables: 12  Charts: 104 

Description

This report is the first OECD review of Colombia’s environmental performance. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on waste and chemicals management and policies that promote more effective and efficient protection and sustainable use of biodiversity.


Table of contents:

General notes  11
Executive summary  13
PART I. PROGRESS TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Chapter 1.
Key environmental trends 19
-1. Introduction  20
-2. Transition to a low-carbon, energy- and resource-efficient economy 24
-3. Managing the natural asset base  28
-4. Improving the environmental quality of life 33
-References 37
Chapter 2. Policy-making environment  41
-Assessment and recommendations 42
-1. Governance structure for environmental management 44
-2. Policy framework for sustainable development 50
-3. Policies and regulations for managing environmental media 52
-4. Design and effectiveness of selected environmental policy instruments 58
-5. Environmental authorisations and compliance assurance 60
-6. Monitoring and evaluation of environmental policy 65
-7. Promoting environmental democracy 68
-References 71
Chapter 3. Towards green growth 75
-Assessment and recommendations 76
-1. Introduction 79
-2. Policy framework for green growth 80
-3. Greening the tax system 82
-4. Environment-related subsidies 87
-5. Extending the use of other market instruments 91
-6. Reconciling environmental and poverty alleviation objectives 93
-7. Investing in environment to promote economic growth 94
- 8. Eco-innovation 99
-References 101
Chapter 4. International co-operation 105
-Assessment and recommendations 106
-1. Objectives and policy framework 108
-2. Bilateral and regional co-operation 110
-3. Marine issues 112
-4. Global environmental co-operation: sustainable development and the Rio conventions 118
-5. Trade, investment and environment 126
-6. Official development assistance 131
-References 135
PART II. PROGRESS TOWARDS SELECED ENVIRONMENTAL OBJECTIVES
Chapter 5.
Waste 141
-Assessment and recommendations 142
-1. Institutional framework 144
-2. Municipal solid waste management 146
-3. Hazardous waste management 150
-4. Other policy developments 156
-5. Economic aspects of waste policies 157
-References 159
Chapter 6. Chemicals management 161
-Assessment and recommendations 162
-1. Pressures on health and the environment from chemicals 164
-2. Policy and institutional framework for managing chemicals 166
-3. Main instruments and mechanisms of chemical safety policies 170
-4. Managing the risks of specific chemicals 177
-5. International co-operation in chemicals management 182
-References 184
Chapter 7. Biodiversity 187
-Assessment and recommendations 188
-1. Current status and trends in Colombia’s biodiversity 190
-2. The policy and institutional frameworks 194
-3. Policy instruments for biodiversity conservation and sustainable use 198
-4. Integrating biodiversity into economic and sectoral policies 207
-References 214
Annex I. Selected data 219
-I.A. Selected economic data 220
-I.B. Selected social data 223
-I.C. Selected environmental data 224
Annex II. Abbreviations 229

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