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Education at a Glance 2012
OECD Indicators
OECD Publishing , Publication date:  19 Sep 2012
Pages: 568 , Language: English
Version: Print (Paperback) + PDF
ISBN: 9789264177154 , OECD Code: 962012031P1
Price:   €75 | $105 | £67 | ¥9700 | MXN1350 , Standard shipping included!
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Other languages:  Chinese (Distributed by another publisher) Spanish (Distributed by another publisher) Japanese (Distributed by another publisher) German (Distributed by another publisher) French (Available (Print on Demand))
Superseded by: Education at a Glance 2013 - OECD Indicators - (Available (Print on Demand))
Other Versions:  E-book - PDF Format

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SET: Education at a Glance 2012: OECD Indicators and Highlights - Print Paperback

Description

Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators is the authoritative source for accurate and relevant information on the state of education around the world. It provides data on the structure, finances, and performance of the education systems in the OECD’s 34 member countries, as well as a number of non-member G20 nations.

Featuring more than 140 charts, 230 tables, and 100 000 figures, Education at a Glance provides key information on the ouput of educational institutions; the impact of learning across countries; the financial and human resources invested in education; access, participation and progression in education, and the learning environment and organisation of schools.

In the 2012 edition, new indicators focus on:
• the effect of the global economic crisis on education expenditures;
• the state of early childhood education systems around the world;
• intergenerational mobility in higher education among different socio-economic groups;
• the impact of education on macroeconomic outcomes, such as GDP;
• the specific factors that influence the level of education spending in different countries;
• career expectations among boys and girls at age 15, as compared to higher education graduation rates by field;
• the makeup of the teaching force in different countries and training requirements to enter the teaching profession; and
• the impact of examinations on access to secondary and higher education.

The Excel™ spreadsheets used to create the tables and charts in Education at a Glance are available via the StatLinks provided throughout. The tables and charts, as well as the complete OECD Online Education Database, are freely available via the OECD Education website at www.oecd.org/edu/eag2012.


Table of contents:

Editorial
Introduction
Reader’s Guide
CHAPTER A. THE OUTPUT OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS AND THE IMPACT OF LEARNING
Indicator A1. To what level have adults studied?
-Table A1.1a. Educational attainment: Adult population (2010)
-Table A1.2a. Population that has attained at least upper secondary education (2010)
-Table A1.3a. Population that has attained tertiary education (2010)Table A1.4 Trends in educational attainment: 25-64 year-olds (1997-2010)
-Table A1.5. Extent of vocational education and training (2010)
Indicator A2. How many students are expected to finish secondary education?
-Table A2.1. Upper secondary graduation rates (2010)
-Table A2.2. Upper secondary graduation rates: below 25 years old (2010)
-Table A2.3. Trends in graduation rates (first-time) at upper secondary level (1995-2010)
-Table A2.4. Distribution of upper secondary vocational graduates, by field of education and gender (2010)
-Table A2.5. Successful completion of upper secondary programmes, by gender and programme orientation
-Table A2.6. Successful completion of upper secondary programmes, by programme orientation and duration
Indicator A3. How many students are expected to finish tertiary education?
-Table A3.1. Graduation rates at tertiary level (2010)
-Table A3.2. Trends in tertiary graduation rates (1995-2010)
-Table A3.3. Graduation rates at different tertiary levels, impact of international/foreign students (2010)
-Table A3.4. Structure of tertiary education: Main programme blocks (2010)
Indicator A4. What is the difference between the career aspirations of boys and girls and the fields of study they pursue as young adults?
-Table A4.1. Percentage of 15-year-old boys and girls who plan to work in International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) major occupational groups 1 and 2, by gender
-Table A4.2. Percentage of 15-year-old boys and girls planning a science-related career or a career in engineering and computing at age 30, by gender
-Table A4.3. Percentage of 15-year-old boys and girls expecting employment in health and services at age 30, by gender
-Table A4.4. Trends in entry rates at tertiary level, by gender (2005-2010) 
-Table A4.5. Percentage of qualifications awarded to women at different tertiary levels (2010)
-Table A4.6. Percentage of qualifications awarded to women in tertiary-type A and advanced research programmes, by field of education (2000, 2010)
Indicator A5. How well do immigrant students perform in school?
-Table A5.1. Correlations between reading performance and various measures of student concentration in schools.
-Table A5.2. Concentration of immigrant students in schools according to various characteristics
-Table A5.3. Percentage of students in disadvantaged schools, by educational level of their mother, and from low occupational status families
-Table A5.4. Performance among students in the school disadvantage quartiles and those whose mothers have high or low levels of education
Indicator A6. To what extent does parents’ education influence access to tertiary education?
-Table A6.1. Participation in higher education, by parents’ educational attainment (2009)
-Table A6.2. Educational attainment level of 25-34 year-old non-student population, by educational attainment level of their parents (2009)
-Table A6.3. Educational mobility of 25-34 year-old non-students by parent’s level of education (2009)
Indicator A7. How does educational attainment affect participation in the labour market? -Table A7.1a. Employment rates, by educational attainment and gender (2010)
-Table A7.2a. Unemployment rates, by educational attainment and gender (2010)
-Table A7.3a. Trends in employment rates of 25-64 year-olds, by educational attainment (1998-2010)
-Table A7.4a. Trends in unemployment rates of 25-64 year-olds, by educational attainment (1998-2010)
-Table A7.5. Proportion of wage earners who worked full-time among all earners, by educational attainment and age group (2010)
-Table A7.6.Labour market outcomes of 25-64 year-olds, by programme orientation at ISCED 3/4 level (2010)
Indicator A8. What are the earnings premiums from education?
-Table A8.1. Relative earnings of the population with income from employment (2010 or latest available year)
-Table A8.2a. Trends in relative earnings: Total population (2000-10)
-Table A8.2b. Trends in relative earnings: Men (2000-10)
-Table A8.2c. Trends in relative earnings: Women (2000-10)
-Table A8.3a. Differences in earnings between women and men (2010 or latest available year)
-Table A8.3b. Trends in differences in earnings between women and men (2000-10)
Indicator A9. What are the incentives to invest in education?
-Table A9.1. Private net present value and internal rate of return for an individual obtaining upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education as part of initial education (2008 or latest available year)
-Table A9.2. Public net present value and internal rate of return for an individual obtaining upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education as part of initial education (2008 or latest available year)
-Table A9.3. Private net present value and internal rate of return for an individual obtaining tertiary education as part of initial education (2008 or latest available year)
-Table A9.4. Public net present value and internal rate of return for an individual obtaining tertiary education as part of initial education (2008 or latest available year)
Indicator A10. How does education influence economic growth, labour costs and earning power?
-Table A10.1. GDP growth (real percentage change from previous year) and labour income growth, by educational category (2000-10) (%)
-Table A10.2. Annual labour costs, full-time gross earnings and annual net income, by ISCED levels in equivalent USD, 25-64 year-olds (2009 or latest available year)
-Table A10.3. Annual labour costs, full-time gross earnings and annual net income, by ISCED levels in equivalent USD, 25-34 year-olds (2009 or latest available year)
-Table A10.5. Annual labour costs, full-time gross earnings and annual net income, by ISCED levels in equivalent USD, 45-54 year-olds (2009 or latest available year)
Indicator A11. What are the social outcomes of education?
-Table A11.1. Additional years of life expectancy at age 30, by level of educational attainment and gender (2010)
-Table A11.2. Proportions of adults voting, by level of educational attainment and age group (2008, 2010)
-Table A11.3. Incremental percentage point differences in “engagement in social activities” associated with an increase in the level of educational attainment (2010) (with and without adjustments for age, gender and income)
-Table A11.4. Mean scores of “students’ attitudes towards equal rights for ethnic minorities”, by their proficiency level of civic knowledge (2009)
CHAPTER B. FINANCIAL AND HUMAN RESOURCES INVESTED IN EDUCATION Indicator B1. How much is spent per student?
-Table B1.1a. Annual expenditure per student by educational institutions, for all services (2009)
-Table B1.2. Annual expenditure per student by educational institutions on core services, ancillary services and R&D (2009)
-Table B1.3a. Cumulative expenditure per student by educational institutions for all services over the average duration of tertiary studies (2009)
-Table B1.4. Annual expenditure per student by educational institutions for all services relative to GDP per capita (2009)
-Table B1.5a. Change in expenditure per student by educational institutions for all services relative to different factors, at the primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary levels (1995, 2000, 2005, 2009)
-Table B1.5b. Change in expenditure per student by educational institutions for all services relative to different factors, at the tertiary level (1995, 2000, 2005, 2009)
-Table B1.6. Annual expenditure per student by educational institutions for all services, by type of programme, at the secondary level (2009)
Indicator B2. What proportion of national wealth is spent on education?
-Table B2.1. Expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP, by level of education (1995, 2000, 2009)
-Table B2.2. Expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP, by level of education (2009)
-Table B2.3. Expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP, by source of fund and level of education (2009)
-Table B2.4. Expenditure on educational institutions, by service category as a percentage of GDP (2009)
Indicator B3. How much public and private investment in education is there?
-Table B3.1. Relative proportions of public and private expenditure on educational institutions, for all levels of education (2000, 2009)
-Table B3.2a. Relative proportions of public and private expenditure on educational institutions, as a percentage, by level of education (2000, 2009)
-Table B3.2b. Relative proportions of public and private expenditure on educational institutions, as a percentage, for tertiary education (2000, 2009)
-Table B3.3. Trends in relative proportions of public expenditure on educational institutions and index of change between 1995 and 2009 (2000 = 100), for tertiary education (1995, 2000, 2005 and 2009)
-Table B3.4. Annual public expenditure on educational institutions per student, by type of institution (2009)
Indicator B4. What is the total public spending on education?
-Table B4.1. Total public expenditure on education (2009)
-Table B4.2. Sources of public educational funds, before and after transfers, by level of government for primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education (2009)
-Table B4.3. Total public expenditure on education (1995, 2000, 2005, 2009)
Indicator B5. How much do tertiary students pay and what public support do they receive?
-Table B5.1. Estimated annual average tuition fees charged by tertiary-type A educational institutions for national students (academic year 2008-09)
-Table B5.2. Distribution of financial aid to students compared to amount of tuition fees charged in tertiary-type A education (academic year 2008-09)
-Table B5.3. Public support for households and other private entities as a percentage of total public expenditure on education and GDP, for tertiary education (2009)
Indicator B6. On what resources and services is education funding spent?
-Table B6.1. Expenditure by educational institutions, by resource category in primary and secondary education (2009)
-Table B6.2. Expenditure by educational institutions, by resource category and level of education (2009)
Indicator B7. Which factors influence the level of expenditure?
-Table B7.1a. Factors used to compute the salary cost of teachers per student, at the primary level of education (2000, 2010)
-Table B7.1b. Factors used to compute the salary cost of teachers per student, at the lower secondary level of education (2000, 2010)
-Table B7.1c. Factors used to compute the salary cost of teachers per student, at upper secondary level of education (2010)
-Table B7.2. Contribution, in USD, of various factors to salary cost of teachers per student at the primary level of education (2000, 2010)
-Table B7.3. Contribution, in USD, of various factors to salary cost of teachers per student at the lower secondary level of education (2000, 2010)
-Table B7.4. Contribution, in USD, of various factors to salary cost of teachers per student at the upper secondary level of education (2010)
-Table B7.5. Main reforms implemented between 1995 and 2009 on the four factors used to calculate the salary cost of teachers per student
CHAPTER C. ACCESS TO EDUCATION, PARTICIPATION AND PROGRESSION Indicator C1. Who participates in education?
-Table C1.1a .Enrolment rates, by age (2010)
-Table C1.2. Trends in enrolment rates (1995-2010)
-Table C1.3. Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary enrolment patterns (2010)
-Table C1.4. Students in primary and secondary education, by type of institution or mode of enrolment (2010)
-Table C1.5. Students in tertiary education, by type of institution or mode of enrolment (2010)
-Table C1.6. Projections of the number of students (2010, 2015 and 2020)
-Table C1.7a. Expected years in education from age 5 through age 39 (2010)
Indicator C2. How do early childhood education systems differ around the world?
-Table C2.1. Enrolment rates in early childhood and primary education, by age (2005, 2010)
-Table C2.2. Characteristics of early childhood education programmes (2010)
-Table C2.3. Characteristics of education-only and integrated early childhood education programmes (2010)
Indicator C3. How many students are expected to enter tertiary education?
-Table C3.1. Entry rates into tertiary education and age distribution of new entrants (2010)
-Table C3.2. Entry rates into tertiary education below the typical age of entry (2010)
-Table C3.3. Trends in entry rates at the tertiary level (1995-2010)
-Table C3.4. Distribution of tertiary new entrants, by field of education (2010)
Indicator C4. Who studies abroad and where?
-Table C4.1. Student mobility and foreign students in tertiary education (2005, 2010)
-Table C4.2. Distribution of international and foreign students enrolled in tertiary programmes, by field of education (2010)
-Table C4.3. Distribution of international and foreign students in tertiary education, by country of origin (2010)
-Table C4.4. Citizens studying abroad in tertiary education, by country of destination (2010)
-Table C4.5. Mobility patterns of foreign and international students (2010)
-Table C4.6. Trends in the number of foreign students enrolled outside their country of origin, by destination region and origin (2000 to 2010)
Indicator C5. Transition from school to work: where are the 15-29 year-olds?
-Table C5.1a. Expected years in education and not in education for 15-29 year-olds (2010)
-Table C5.2a. Percentage of 15-29 year-olds in education and not in education, by 5-year age group and work status (2010)
-Table C5.2d. Percentage of 15-29 year-olds in education and not in education, by educational attainment and work status (2010)
-Table C5.4a. Trends in the percentage of the youth population in education and not in education (1997-2010)
Indicator C6. How many adults participate in education and learning?
-Table C6.1 Total annual labour costs of employer-sponsored non-formal education and annual costs per participant (2007)
-Table C6.3 Expected cost of working time devoted to employer-sponsored non-formal education over the working life and ratio to annual labour cost (2007)
-Table C6.4a Participation in non-formal education and purpose of non-formal education, for 25-34 and 55-64 year-olds (2007)
-Table C6.11 Percentage of 55-64 year-olds and 65-74 year-olds who have participated in formal and/or non-formal education (2007)
CHAPTER D. THE LEARNING ENVIRONMENT AND ORGANISATION OF SCHOOLS Indicator D1. How much time do students spend in the classroom?
-Table D1.1. Compulsory and intended instruction time in public institutions (2010)
-Table D1.2a. Instruction time per subject as a percentage of total compulsory instruction time for 7-8 year-olds (2010)
-Table D1.2b. Instruction time per subject as a percentage of total compulsory instruction time for 9-11 year-olds (2010)
-Table D1.2c. Instruction time per subject as a percentage of total compulsory instruction time for 12-14 year-olds (2010)
Indicator D2. What is the student-teacher ratio and how big are classes?
-Table D2.1. Average class size, by type of institution and level of education (2010)
-Table D2.2. Ratio of students to teaching staff in educational institutions (2010)
-Table D2.3 Ratio of students to teaching staff, by type of institution (2010)
-Table D2.4a. Teaching staff and non-teaching staff employed in primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education institutions (2010)
-Table D2.4b. Teaching staff and non-teaching staff employed in tertiary education institutions (2010)
Indicator D3. How much are teachers paid?
-Table D3.1. Teachers’ salaries (2010)
-Table D3.2. Trends in teachers’ salaries between 2000 and 2010 (2000 = 100)
-Table D3.3a. Decisions on payments for teachers in public institutions (2010)
Indicator D4. How much time do teachers spend teaching?
-Table D4.1. Organisation of teachers’ working time (2010)
-Table D4.2. Number of teaching hours per year (2000, 2005, 2010)
Indicator D5. Who are the teachers?
-Table D5.1. Age distribution of teachers (2010)
-Table D5.2. Age distribution of teachers (1998, 2010)
-Table D5.3. Gender distribution of teachers (2010)
-Table D5.4. Pre-service teacher-training requirements in public institutions (2010)
-Table D5.5. Requirements to enter the teaching profession in public institutions (2010)
Indicator D6. Who makes key decisions in education systems?
-Table D6.1. Percentage of decisions taken at each level of government in public lower secondary education (2011)
-Table D6.2a. Percentage of decisions taken at each level of government in public lower secondary education, by domain (2011)
-Table D6.2b. Percentage of decisions taken at each level of government in public lower secondary education, by domain (2011)
-Table D6.3. Percentage of decisions taken at the school level in public lower secondary education, by mode of decision making (2011)
-Table D6.4a. Percentage of decisions taken at the school level in public lower secondary education, by mode of decision making and domain (2011)
-Table D6.4b. Percentage of decisions taken at the school level in public lower secondary education, by mode of decision making and domain (2011)
-Table D6.5. Trends in the percentage of decisions taken at each level of government in public lower secondary education (2003, 2007, 2011)
Indicator D7. What are the pathways and gateways to gain access to secondary and tertiary education?
-Table D7.1a National examinations at the upper secondary level (2011)
-Table D7.2a Other (non-national) standardised examinations that are administered in multiple upper secondary schools (2011)
-Table D7.3a Entrance examinations to enter the first stage of tertiary education (2011)
-Table D7.4a Factors, criteria or special circumstances used by tertiary institutions to determine access to the first stage of tertiary education (2011)
ANNEX 1. CHARACTERISTICS OF EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMS
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Table X1.1a. Upper secondary graduation rate: Typical graduation ages and method used to calculate graduation rates (2010)
-Table X1.1b. Post-secondary non-tertiary graduation rates: Typical graduation ages and method used to calculate graduation rates (2010)
-Table X1.1c. Tertiary graduation rate: Typical graduation ages and method used to calculate graduation rates (2010)
-Table X1.1d .Tertiary entry rate: Typical age of entry and method used to calculate entry rates (2010)
-Table X1.2a. School year and financial year used for the calculation of indicators, OECD countries.
-Table X1.2b. School year and financial year used for the calculation of indicators, other G20 countries
ANNEX 2. REFERENCE STATISTICS
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Table X2.1. Overview of the economic context using basic variables (reference period: calendar year 2009, 2009 current prices)
-Table X2.2a. Basic reference statistics (reference period: calendar year 2009, 2009 current prices
-Table X2.2b. Basic reference statistics (reference period: calendar year 1995, 2000, 2005 current prices)
-Table X2.3a. Teachers’ salaries in national currency (2010)
-Table X2.3b. Trends in teachers’ salaries in national currency, by level of education (2000, 2005-10)
-Table X2.3c. Reference statistics used in the calculation of teachers’ salaries (2000, 2005-10) ANNEX 3. SOURCES, METHODS AND TECHNICAL NOTES
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Contributors to this publication
-Related OECD publications

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