This fifth edition of Health at a Glance provides the latest comparable data on different aspects of the performance of health systems in OECD countries. It provides striking evidence of large variations across countries in the costs, activities and results of health systems. Key indicators provide information on health status, the determinants of health, health care activities and health expenditure and financing in OECD countries.
This edition also contains new chapters on the health workforce and on access to care, an important policy objective in all OECD countries. The chapter on quality of care has been extended to include a set of indicators on the quality of care for chronic conditions.
Each indicator in the book is presented in a user-friendly format, consisting of charts illustrating variations across countries and over time, brief descriptive analyses highlighting the major findings conveyed by the data, and a methodological box on the definition of the indicator and any limitations in data comparability. An annex provides additional information on the demographic and economic context within which health systems operate, as well as a concise description of key characteristics in health system financing and delivery of services in OECD countries.
Table of contents:
Introduction 1. Health Status -1.1. Life expectancy at birth -1.2. Life expectancy at age 65 -1.3. Premature mortality -1.4. Mortalilty from heart disease and stroke -1.5. Mortality from cancer -1.6. Mortality from road accidents -1.7. Suicide -1.8. Infant mortality -1.9. Infant health: Low birth weight -1.10. Dental health among children -1.11. Perceived health status -1.12. Diabetes prevalence and incidence -1.13. AIDS incidence 2. Non-Medical Determinants of Health -2.1. Smoking and alcohol consumption at age 15 -2.2. Nutrition at ages 11, 13, and 15 -2.3. Physical activity at ages 11, 13, and 15 -2.4. Overweight and obesity among children -2.5. Tobacco consumption among adults -2.6. Alcohol consumption among adults -2.7. Overweight and obesity among adults 3. Health Workforce -Introduction -3.1. Employment in the health and social sectors -3.2. Practising physicians -3.3. Medical graduates -3.4. Foreign-trained physicians -3.5. Remuneration of doctors (general practitioners and specialists) -3.6. Gynaecologists and obstetricians, and midwives -3.7. Psychiatrists -3.8. Practising nurses -3.9. Nursing graduates -3.10. Remuneration of nurses -3.11. Dentists -3.12. Pharmacists 4. Health Care Activities -Introduction -4.1. Consultations with doctors -4.2. Medical technologies (supply and use) -4.3. Hospital beds (supply and use) -4.4. Hospital discharges -4.5. Average length of stay in hospitals -4.6. Cardiac procedures (coronary bypass and angioplasty) -4.7. Treatment of renal failure (dialysis and kidney transplants) -4.8. Caesarean sections -4.9. Cataract surgeries -4.10. Pharmaceutical consumption 5. Quality of Care -Introduction -CARE FOR CHRONIC CONDITIONS -5.1. Avoidable admissions: respiratory diseases -5.2. Avoidable admissions: diabetes complications -5.3. Avoidable admissions: congestive heart failure, hypertension -ACUTE CARE FOR CHRONIC CONDITIONS -5.4. In-hospital mortality following acute myocardial infarction -5.5. In-hospital mortality following stroke -CARE FOR MENTAL DISORDERS -5.6. Unplanned hospital re-admissions for mental disorders -CANCER CARE -5.7. Screening, survival and mortality for cervical cancer -5.8. Screening, survival and mortality for breast cancer -5.9. Survival and mortality for colorrectal cancer -CARE FOR COMMUNICABLE DISEASES -5.10. Childhood vaccination programmes -5.11. Influenza vaccination for elderly people 6. Access to Care -Introduction -6.1. Unmet health care needs -6.2. Coverage for health care -6.3. Burden of out-of-pocket health expenditure -6.4. Geographical distribution of doctors -6.5. Inequalities in doctor consultations -6.6. Inequalities in dentist consultations -6.7. Inequalities in cancer screening 7. Health Expenditure and Financing -Introduction -7.1. Health expenditure per capita -7.2. Health expenditure in relation to GDP -7.3. Health expenditure by function -7.4. Pharmaceutical expenditure -7.5. Expenditure by disease and age -7.6. Financing of health care -7.7 Trade in health services (medical tourism) Bibliography Annex A. Additional Information on Demographic and Economic Context, Health System Characteristics, Health Expenditure and Financing Annex B. List of Variables in OECD Health Data 2009