This edition of OECD's periodic review of Turkey's environmental policy finds that Turkey has achieved consolidation of environmental progress and its environmental legislation is increasingly incorporating the EU environmental aquis. But pollution, energy, and resource intensities still need to be reduced and environmentally related health problems need to be addressed. This review systematically looks at air, water, nature and biodiversity, the environmental-economic interface, the environmental-social interface, and international co-operation, making 45 specific recommendations.
Tables des matières:
1. Conclusions and Recommendations -Environmental Management -Towards Sustainable Development -International Co-operation PART I. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT 2. Air Management -Policy Objectives -Performance -Energy Policy -Transport Policy 3. Water Management -Policy Objectives -Water Quality Management -Drinking Water -Agriculture and Water -Water Availability -Integrated Water Resources Management 4. Nature and Biodiversity Management -Policy Objectives -State and Pressures on Nature and Biodiversity -Policy Measures and Achievements PART II. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 5. Environment-Economic Interface -Progress towards Sustainable Development -Implementing Environmental Policy --Institutional Framework --Regulatory Instruments --Economic Instruments --Private Sector Initiatives --Natural Disasters and Technological Accidents 6.Environmental-Social Interface -Environmental Health -Disparities, Employment and the Environment -Environmental Democracy -Environmental Education PART III. INTERNATIONAL COMMITMENTS 7. International Co-operation -1. Policy Objectives -2. Global Issues --Ozone Depletion --Climate Change --Trade and Environment --Official Development Assistance -3. Regional Issues --Marine Pollution --Marine Fisheries --Transboundary Rivers --Transboundary Air Pollution --Desertification References -Selected Environmental Data -Selected Economic Data -Selected Social Data -Selected Multilateral Agreements (worldwide) -Selected Multilateral Agreements (regional) -Abbreviations -Physical Context -Selected Environmental Websites