Improving the performance of youth on the labour market is a crucial challenge in OECD countries facing persistent youth unemployment. As labour markets become more and more selective, a lack of relevant skills brings a higher risk of unemployment. Whatever the level of qualification, first experiences on the labour market have a profound influence on later working life.
This report on Canada contains a survey of the main barriers to employment for young people, an assessment of the adequacy and effectiveness of existing measures to improve the transition from school to work, and a set of policy recommendations for further action by the public authorities and social partners.
Tables des matières:
Summary and Main Recommendations Introduction Chapter 1. The Challenge Ahead -Demographics and Labour Market Outcomes -The Transition from School to Work in Canada -Characteristics of Jobs Held by Youth -Key Points Chapter 2. Initial Education and On-the-Job Training -Structure of the Education System -Performance of the Education System -Strategies to Reduce Early School-Leaving -Between School and Work -On-the-Job Training/Work-Based Education -Key Points Chapter 3. Demand-Side Barriers to Youth Employment -Employers' Views of Recruiting and Training Young Workers -Wages and Labour Costs -Type of Jobs and Working Conditions -It it Key to Move to Another Province to Set Up a New Career? -Key Points Chapter 4. Passive and Active Labour Market Policies to Mobilise Young People into Work -Youth Welfare and Unemployment Benefits -Activation of Jobless Youth -Key Points Annex Bibliography