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International Mobility of the Highly Skilled
OECD. Published by : OECD Publishing , Publication date:  11 Dec 2001
Pages: 352 , Language: English
Version: E-book (PDF Format)
ISBN: 9789264196087 , OECD Code: 922002011E1
Price:   €50 | $70 | £45 | ¥6500 | MXN900
Availability: Available
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Other Versions:  Print - Paperback
Multilingual summaries:  German, Italian

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Tables: 260  Charts: 73  Electronic format: Acrobat PDF

Description

The international mobility of highly skilled workers, in particular human resources in science and technology (HRST) such as scientists, engineers and IT experts, is currently an important policy issue in the majority of OECD countries. Accompanying the booming demand for skilled labour, especially from the information technology-related industries and professions, there is apparently a growing shortage of such workers in a number of OECD Member countries. In order to meet these shortages, an increasing number of countries are implementing measures to facilitate the recruitment of foreign skilled workers. Considering that improved knowledge and understanding of these issues are necessary for informing the policy agenda, the OECD held a seminar on "International Mobility of Highly Skilled Workers: From Statistical Analysis to the Formulation of Policies", in Paris on 11-12 June 2001. This seminar was organised by the Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (DSTI) and the Directorate for Education, Employment, Labour and Social Affairs (DEELSA). The seminar targeted three main objectives, which are mirrored in the structure of the book: Provide data on the scale and characteristics of flows and stocks of skilled and highly skilled foreign workers in the OECD Member countries and certain non-member economies: South Africa, China, India, Israel, Russia and Chinese Taipei; to assess the quality of the data available and the concepts used, and to help improve their comparability. Analyse the mobility of skilled workers and HRST and their impact on the economy through case studies covering most of the major regions sending and receiving these workers. Examine appropriate migration policies aimed at facilitating the mobility of skilled workers in ways that are beneficial both to receiving and sending countries.


Table of contents:

Introduction
Part I. Defining and Measuring International Flows of Human Resources in Science and Technology
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Chapter 1. Human Resources in Science and Technology: Measurement Issues and International Mobility by L. Auriol and J. Sexton
-Chapter 2. Student Mobility between and towards OECD Countries: A Comparative Analysis by K. Tremblay
Part II. Trends and Economic Impact in OECD Countries
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Chapter 3. International Mobility of Highly Skilled Workers: From Statistical Analysis to Policy Formation by D. Guellec and M. Cervantes
-Chapter 4. The Measurement of International Migration to Canada by M. Bordt
-Chapter 5. International Mobility of Human Resources in Science and Technology in Japan: Available Data, Quality of Sources, Concepts, and Proposals for Further Study by S.-I. Kobayashi
-Chapter 6. A Brain Drain among Young PhDs: Mirage or Reality? by D. Martinelli
-Chapter 7. Why Do Firms Recruit Internationally? Results from the IZA International Employer Survey 2000 by R. Winkelmann
-Chapter 8. Return Migration of Highly Skilled Irish into Ireland and their Impact on GNP and Earnings Inequality by A. Barrett
Part III. Trends and Economic Impact in Non-OECD Countries
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Chapter 9. Mass Migration of Highly Skilled Workers: Israel in the 1990s by A. Paltiel
-Chapter 10. International Migration of Scientists and Engineers in Russia by Dr.L. Gokhberg and Dr. E. Mikpelova
-Chapter 11. International Mobility of China's Resources in Science and Technology and Its Impact by Z. Guopchu and L. Wenjun
-Chapter 12. Rethinking Highly-Skilled International Migration: Research and Policy Issues for India's Information Economy by V. Gayathri
-Chapter 13. Migration of Skilled and Highly Skilled Workers in South Africa: A Case Study by J.-B. Meyer
Part IV. Policy Issues
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Chapter 14. The Mobility of Human Resources in Science and Technology in Sweden by A. M. Gaillard
-Chapter 15. HIgh-Skill Migration and Chinese Taipei's Industrial Development by Y-L. Luo and J-J. Wang
-Chapter 16. Policies for Admitting Highly Skilled Workers into the United States by P. Martin
-Chapter 17. Migration Policies Designed to Facilitate the Recruitment of Skilled Workers in Australia by G. Hugo
-Chapter 18. The Current "Green Card" Initiative for Foreign IT Specialists in Germany by H.Werner
-Chapter 19. International Mobility of Highly Skilled Workers: The UK Perspective by N. Rollason
Annex 1. Current Regulations in OECD Countries Regarding Possibilities for Student Visa Holders to Change Residence Status, 2001
Annex 2. Eligibility Criteria for Recruitment and Residence of Skilled Foreign Workers in Some OECD Countries
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