Regions in Switzerland are performing well in many respects. They have high levels of GDP per capita and low unemployment rates, and some regions show impressive growth rates. In addition, Swiss regions have not been confronted with the challenges faced by many similar regions in the OECD, such as limited access to services and population decline due to ageing or emigration. Regional labour productivity growth still requires further policy attention.
In order to improve regional economic performance, Switzerland introduced the New Regional Policy (NRP) in 2008, following the 2002 OECD Territorial Review of Switzerland. The NRP reflects a clear shift of focus from infrastructure and financial assistance towards economic support for the creation of value added to the regional economy. The current review provides recommendations on how the impact of the NRP can be increased through extended territorial coverage, inter-cantonal co-operation, and co-ordination of sectoral policies. This review also takes a close look at regional innovation policies, arguing that a division of roles should be achieved, with the federal level funding research and technology transfer on a country-wide basis, and cantons providing innovation support according to functional areas.
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Foreword Acronyms and Abbreviations Assessment and Recommendations Chapter 1. The State of Regions in Switzerland -Regions in Switzerland: a mulitlayered picture -Characteristics of regions in Switzerland -Strengths and challenges of Swiss regions -Interlinkages between regions -Conclusions and implications for policies Chapter 2. A New Regional Policy in Switzerland -The approach of the NRP: clarified objectives and renewed instruments -Challenges and opportunities for the NRP -Conclusion Chapter 3. Regional Innovation Policies in Switzerland -Swiss federal innovation policy -Swiss regional innovation policy: state of play and role of NRP -Main Challenges for regional innovation policy in Switzerland Annex A. The Development of Canotanl Income per Capita 1990-2005 Annex B. Inter-Cantonal Concordats, 2003