Despite significant efforts on the part of some countries, transport CO2 emissions have increased steadily over the last ten years. This report reviews the progress OECD and ECMT countries have made in reducing transport sector CO2 emissions and makes recommendations for the focus of future policies. It includes detailed country-by country information on measures adopted and transport sector emissions for the period 1990 - 2003.
Tables des matières:
Table of Contents 1. Summary and Conclusions 2. Introduction -Climate Change -The International Policy Context -Trnsport Sector CO2 Emissions -How Much Should the Transport Sector Contribute? -ECMT's Previous Work on Climate Change -Outline of the Report 3. The Mechanisms for Reducing Transport Sector CO2 Emissions -Policies by Impact Type -Policy Strengths and Weaknesses by Impact Type -The Policy Approach 4. Review of Member Country Policies -Results at an OECD/ECMT Level -Country Level Progress -Analysis of Policies by Impact Type -Performance of Policies Implemented 5. Policy Options for the Future -Differntiated Vehicle Taxation -Regulatory and Voluntary Fuel Efficiency Standards -Regulatory and Voluntary Fuel Efficiency Standards for Vehicle Components -Reducing Emissions from Road Freight -Urban Policies - Integration of Spatial Planning and Transport Policies, Modal Shift, Walking and Cycleing, and Land Value Taxation -Biofuels -Carbons Taxes and Emission Trading Systems -Aviation -Maritime Shipping -Hydrogen 6. Summary of Country Policies and Measures -The Transport Sector CO2 Abatement Policies and Measures Database -National Transport Sector CO2 Abatement Policies and Measures Database Annex 1. National Transport Sector and CO2 Emissions Data Annex 2. Fuel Tax Data Annex 3. Declaration on Reducing CO2 Emissions from Passenger Vehicles in ECMT Countries