As part of the OECD Green Growth Strategy, this new series aims to provide in-depth reviews of the green growth issues faced by different sectors. The agriculture and fisheries sectors have an important role to play in contributing to greener growth, in particular through facilitating the uptake of green technologies and management practices and reducing waste in the food chain. This will involve a range of policies, including: the reform of environmentally harmful subsidies that distort efficient resource use; freer international trade; shifting towards targeted policies that will support poor and vulnerable farmers; rewarding the provision of ecosystem services; and encouraging R&D, technologies and management practices that improve the productivity of resource use. Framing appropriate “greening” policies is also a major governance issue which requires examining the incentives and disincentives generated by policies, as well as the regulatory and institutional framework more broadly.
Table of contents:
Executive Summary Chapter 1. Background Chapter 2. The need for greening food and agriculture Chapter 3. Future challenges and opportunities in sustainable agriculture -Increasing demand for food and agricultural raw materials -Climate change -Natural resources – land, nutrients, biodiversity, water availability and energy -Renewable energy -Innovation Chapter 4. The role of policy in contributing to green growth in agriculture and food -Policies for increasing productivity -Policies oriented towards internalising the cost of negative externalities -Policies designed to increase positive externalities and the provision of public goods -Other policies affecting agricultural production -Other policies affecting the food industry -Policies for international trade -International co-ordination -Towards a green growth strategy Chapter 5. Measuring progress towards green growth in food and agriculture Chapter 6. Delivering green growth in food and agriculture -Overcoming obstacles to achieving green growth -Establishing priorities -Constructing policy packages Chapter 7. Conclusions