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This tenth edition of the OECD Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard builds on the OECD’s 50 years of indicator development to present major world trends in knowledge and innovation. It analyses a wide set of indicators of science, technology, globalisation and industrial performance in OECD and major non-OECD countries (notably Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa) and includes some experimental indicators that provide insight into new areas of policy interest.
Reader’s Guide Acronyms Abbreviations Country groupings Executive Summary 1. Knowledge Economies: Trends and Features -Sources of growth --GDP growth and the crisis --Productivity convergence --Employment in the crisis --New sources of growth: intangible assets --Intangible assets and productivity -The new geography of growth --FDI shifting east --Emerging players in high-technology trade --Global value chains and world trade --Increasing global interdependencies --Increasing specialisation --Global manufacturers -The changing landscape of innovation --R&D and innovation in the crisis --Financing innovation --The global landscape of R&D players --A shift in the policy mix for R&D --The growth and use of the Internet --Smart infrastructures --High impact universities --Regional innovation hotspots --Rising innovation in services -Innovation today --Innovation everywhere --Intensifying collaboration in research --The impact of scientific collaboration --International collaboration in science and innovation --Collaboration with new players --Science for green innovation --Technology transfers -The challenges ahead --CO2 emissions --Innovation and global challenges --Innovation and environment --Ageing populations --Education and gender --Gender and employment -Notes -References 2. Building Knowledge -1. New doctorate graduates -2. Career of doctorate holders -3. Science and technology occupations -4. Researchers -5. R&D expenditure -6. Higher education and basic research -7. Business R&D -8. Investment in ICT -Notes. -References 3. Connecting to Knowledge -1. Public-private cross-funding of R&D -2. International funding of R&D -3. Science links -4. Technology-science linkages -5. International mobility -6. Mobility at the workplace -7. Innovation and knowledge flows -8. Collaboration in business value chains -9. International collaboration on innovation -10. Technology flows -Notes -References 4. Targeting New Growth Areas -1. Government funding of R&D -2. Health innovation -3. Environmental technologies -4. Innovation and environmental -5. Broadband speed and prices -6. Fixed and wireless broadband -7. Access to broadband -8. Biotechnology R&D -Notes -References 5. Unleashing Innovation in Firms -1. Mixed modes of innovation -2. Broader innovation -3. Trademarks -4. Public support to R&D -5. Tax incentives for business R&D -6. Entry, exit and survival -7. Access to capital -8. Policy environment -9. Entrepreneurial talent and culture -Notes -References 6. Competing in the Global Economy -1. Employment -2. Services-manufacturing linkages -3. Firm size and dynamics -4. Sectoral specialisation -5. Foreign affiliates -6. Trade openness -7. Import content of exports -8. R&D specialisation -9. Technology specialisation -10. E-commerce uptake -11. Patenting firms -12. Innovative sectors -14. Technology performance: impact -Notes -References Data Sources