In OECD countries, agriculture uses on average over 40% of land and water resources, and thus has significant affect on the environment. This report provides the latest and most comprehensive data and analysis on the environmental performance of agriculture in OECD countries since 1990. It covers key environmental themes including soil, water, air and biodiversity and looks at recent policy developments in all 30 countries.
Over recent years the environmental performance of agriculture has improved in many countries, largely due to consumer pressure and changing public opinion. Many OECD countries are now tracking the environmental performance of agriculture, which is informing policy makers and society on the trends in agri-environmental conditions, and can provide a valuable aid to policy analysis. The indicators in this report provide crucial information to monitor and analyse the wide range of policy measures used in agriculture today, and how they are affecting the environment.
Did You Know? In OECD countries, agriculture uses on average 40% of land and water resources.
Table of contents:
I. Highlights II. Background and Scope of the Report Chapter 1. OECD Trends of Environmental Conditions related to Agriculture since 1990 -Agricultural Production and Land --Introduction --Agricultural Production --Agricultural Land Use --Linkages between Production and Land Use -Nutrients --Nitrogen Balance --Phosphorus Balance --Regional (sub-national) Nutrient Balances -Pesticides --Pesticide Use --Pesticide Risk Indicators -Energy -Soil -Water --Water Use --Water Quality -Air --Backgrond --Ammonia Emissions, Acidification and Eutrophication --Methyl Bromide Use and Oxone Depletion --Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Climate Change -Biodiversity --Background --Genetic Diversity --Wild Species Diversity --Ecosystem Diversity -Farm Management --Overview of Environmental Farm Management --Nutrient Management --Pest Management --Soil Management --Water Management --Biodiversity Management --Organic Management Chapter 2. OECD Progress in Developing Agri-Environmental Indicators -Introduction -Progress --Soil: Erosion, Biodiversity, and Soil Organic Carbon --Water: Use and Quality --Biodiversity: Genetic, Wild Species and Ecosystem Diversity --Land: Landscapes and Ecosystem Functions --Farm Management -Overall Assessment -Annex 2.A1. Agri-Environmental Indicators of Regional Importance and/or under Development -Annex 2.A2. A Qualitative Assessment of the Agri-Environmental Indicators Chapter 3. OECD Country Trends of Environmental Conditions Related to Agriculture since 1990 -Background -Australia -Austria -Belgium -Canada -Czech Republic -Denmark -Finland -France -Germany -Greece -Hungary -Iceland -Ireland -Italy -Japan -Korea -Luxembourg -Mexico -Netherlands -New Zealand -Norway -Poland -Portugal -Slovak Republic -Spain -Sweden -Switzerland -Turkey -United Kingdom -United States -European Union Chapter 4. Using Agri-Environemental Indicators for Policy Analysis -Policy Context to OECD Agri-Environmental Indicators --Tracking Environmental Performance ---Evolution of Agri-Environmental Indicatos to Track Sustainable Development ---Tracking National Agri-Environmental Performance ---International Reporting on Environmental Conditions in Agriculture --Using Agri-Environmental Indicators for Policy Analysis ---OECD Member Countries ---Internaitonal Governmental Organisations ---Research Community