The implementation of biodiversity policies will often benefit different groups to a greater or lesser degree. For example, in establishing a property right to facilitate management of a biodiversity-related resource, people who previously had unrestricted use will be adversely affected. Combining analysis and a wealth of case studies, this book offers concepts and tools for addressing distributive issues in biodiversity policy. It will help policy makers put together strategies for anticipating distributive impacts across different groups; and for selecting processes and instruments that manage distributive impacts without compromising conservation and use objectives.
Table of contents:
Executive Summary PART I. UNDERSTANDING THE DISTRIBUTIONAL IMPACTS OF BIODIVERSITY POLICIES Chapter 1. Introduction -Study Rationale -Objectives and Structure of the Book Chapter 2. Methods for Measuring the Distributive Effects of Biodiversity Policies -Efficiency, Effectiveness, and Distribution in Policy Analysis -Empirical Measures of Distributive Effects -Methods Based on Income-Equivalent Measures -Alternative One-Dimensional Measures -Multidimensional Measures -Summary and Comparison Chapter 3. The Distributive Effects of Biodiversity Policies: Static Analysis -Biodiversity Policies: Process and Instruments -The Distribution of Biodiversity Net Benefits Chapter 4. The Distributive Effects of Biodiversity Policies: Dynamic Analysis -Intergenerational Equity: Evaluating Costs and Benefits Across Time -Discounting -Heterogeneous Generations -Summary and Conclusions PART II. ADDRESSING DISTRIBUTIVE ISSUES Chapter 5. Should Biodiversity Polices Address Distributional Issues? -Choosing between Biodiversity Policies when Efficiency and Distribution can be Separated -Challenges in Separating Efficiency from Distribution -Practical Limitations to Separating Efficiency and Distribution Impacts -Integrating Efficiency and Equity into Biodiversity Policies -Summary and Conclusions PART III. BRINGING DISTRIBUTIVE ISSUES INTO BIODIVERSITY POLICIES IN PRACTICE Chapter 6. Procedural Approaches: Communication, Participation and Conflict Resolution -Introduction -The Value and Implications of Communication and Participation -General Methods for Public Involvement -Resolving Conflicts in Biodiversity Policies Chapter 7. Institutional Approaches: Property Rights, Compensation, and Benefit-Sharing -Introduction -Main Features of Compensation Schemes and Voluntary Agreements -International Solutions for Dealing with Distributional Issues Chapter 8. Combining Institutional and Procedural Approaches: Community Involvement in Managment -Forms of Community Involvement -Facilitating Community Involvement -Examples of Different Types of Community Involvement Chapter 9. Summary and Conclusions References Annex A. Case Study Overview