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Local Management for More Effective Employment Policies
OECD. Published by : OECD Publishing , Publication date:  03 Apr 1998
Pages: 108 , Language: English
Version: E-book (PDF Format)
ISBN: 9789264162723 , OECD Code: 041998021E1
Price:   €20 | $28 | £18 | ¥2600 | MXN360
Availability: Available
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Other languages:  French (Available)
Other Versions:  Print - Paperback

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Electronic format: Acrobat PDF

Description

To combat persistent unemployment and growing disparities, employment and training policies need re-organising to become more effective. Governments are endeavouring to achieve this by increasing the involvement of local and regional authorities, social partners, the private sector and the community in policy design and implementation.
Co-ordinating the efforts of these stakeholders, all involved at different levels, is a major challenge for governments. Local management of employment and training makes for more flexibility and hence better use of all available resources. This publication looks at the decentralisation of active labour market policies in OECD countries and shows how local employment management can lead to the implementation of more effective policies.


Table of contents:

Introduction
Chapter 1: Geographical Diversity and Territorial Differentiation of Employment Patterns and of the Use of Policies
-
The geographical diversity of employment patterns
-The territorial impact of ALMP measures
Chapter 2: How Local Labour Markets Work
-
Definitions
-Instruments for the identification, observation and analysis of employment problems at the local level
-The quest for flexibility and adjustment at the territorial level
Chapter 3: Local Active Policies
-
The principles of local active labour market policies
-Targeting
-Localisation
-Prevention
-Mentoring
-Outreach
-Integration and collaboration
-Employer involvement
-Local needs/local jobs
-Case study: skill formation
Chapter 4: The Decentralisation of Active Labour Market Policy
-
Decentralised policy models
--1) Regionalised systems
--2) Integrated systems
-Current trends
-Context
Chapter 5: Implementation of ALMPs and the Dynamics of Local Actors
-
A. The actorsí initiatives
-B. The consequences of these local dynamics for management of ALMPs and the and local operators
-Conclusion: Towards a Flexible Territorialisation of Employment Policies
Bibliography
Annex 1: Notes on the Decentralisation of Government Employment Policy in OECD Countries
-
Australia
-Austria
-Belgium
-Canada .
-Czech Republic
-Denmark
-Finland
-France
-Germany
-Greece
-Hungary
-Ireland
-Italy
-Japan
-Korea
-Luxembourg
-Mexico
-Netherlands
-New Zealand
-Norway
-Poland
-Portugal
-Spain
-Sweden
-Switzerland
-Turkey
-United Kingdom
-United States
Annex 2: Public Policy Analysis: the Implementation Approach
Bibliography

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