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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews
OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: South Africa 2013
OECD Publishing , Date de parution:  03 déc 2013
Pages: 208 , Langue: Anglais
Version: Livre électronique (Format PDF)
ISBN: 9789264202887 , Code OCDE: 972013131E1
Prix:   €42 | $58 | £37 | ¥5400 | MXN750
Disponibilité: Disponible
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Autres versions:  Livre - Broché

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Détails
Tableaux: Graphiques: 43 

Description

This report is the first OECD review of South Africa’s environmental performance. It has been carried out as part of the OECD dialogue with South Africa as Key Partner. The report evaluates South Africa's progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on policies that provide incentives to protect South Africa's exceptionally rich biodiversity and promote more effective and efficient environmental management across different levels of public administration.


Tables des matières:

General notes  11
Executive summary  13
PART I. PROGRESS TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Chapter 1.
Key environmental trends 19
-1. A snapshot of key trends 20
-2. Transition to a low-carbon, energy- and resource-efficient economy 23
-3. Managing the natural asset base 27
-4. Improving the environmental quality of life 33
-References 35
Chapter 2. Policy-making environment 37
-Assessment and recommendations 38
-1. Policy and regulatory framework for environment and sustainable development 41
-2. Evaluation of plans and policies 46
-3. Institutional framework for environmental management 47
-4. Environmental authorisations, compliance and enforcement 50
-5. Environmental liability 58
-6. Environmental information, reporting and outlooks 60
-7. Promoting environmental democracy 63
-References 67
Chapter 3. Towards green growth  69
-Assessment and recommendations 70
-1. Economic policy and the environment 73
-2. Greening the tax system 77
-3. Removing environmentally harmful subsidies 84
-4. Environmental and low-carbon investment to promote green growth 89
-5. Promoting environmental technologies and eco-innovation 96
-6. Environmental policy and employment 99
-References 102
Chapter 4.  International co-operation  105
-Assessment and recommendations 106
-1. Foreign policy and environmental diplomacy 109
-2. Regional and bilateral co-operation 109
-3. Marine issues 114
-4. Global environmental co-operation: Sustainable development and the three Rio Conventions 118
-5. Global environmental co-operation: The biodiversity and chemical clusters of MEAs  123
-6. Trade, investment and environment 128
-7. Official development assistance 129
-References  134
PART II. PROGRESS TOWARDS SELECTED ENVIRONMENTAL OBJECTIVES
Chapter 5. 
Biodiversity and economics of ecosystem services 137
-Assessment and recommendations 138
-1. Current status and trends of South Africa’s biodiversity 141
-2. Pressures on South Africa’s biodiversity 146
-3. The policy and institutional frameworks 148
-4. Economic and financial aspects of ecosystem services 155
-5. Integrating biodiversity into other sectors 165
-References 167
Chapter 6. Multi-level environmental governance 169
-Assessment and recommendations 170
-1. Reform of local governance and decentralisation of environmental management 172
-2. Institutional issues of multi-level governance in selected environmental sectors 174
-3. Mechanisms to promote effective multi-level environmental governance 181
-References 188
Annex I. Selected data 191
-I.A. Selected economic data 192
-I.B. Selected social data 195
-I.C. Selected environmental data 196
Annex II. Abbreviations 201

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