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Energy Policies of IEA Countries
Energy Policies of IEA Countries: Hungary 2011
IEA. Published by : OECD Publishing , Date de parution:  15 juil 2011
Pages: 146 , Langue: Anglais
Version: Livre électronique (Format PDF)
ISBN: 9789264098237 , Code OCDE: 612011061E1
Prix:   €60 | $84 | £53 | ¥7700 | MXN1080
Disponibilité: Disponible
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Autres versions:  Livre - Broché

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Détails
Imprint:  Agence Internationale de l'Energie Tableaux: 10  Graphiques: 42  Format électronique: Acrobat PDF

Description
The International Energy Agency's 2011 review of Hungary's energy policies and programmes. The review finds that regional co-operation is a vital element of Hungary's energy market and energy security policy. Hungary, which shares borders with seven countries, is well placed to improve regional energy security by catalysing the development of closely integrated regional markets for electricity and natural gas.

A country strongly dependent on natural gas imports, Hungary has taken several commendable steps to manage risks to its supply. It has enhanced storage capacity and diversified cross-border capacity, and is developing new supply routes. Hungary is also working hard to strengthen the regional electricity market through new interconnectors and market coupling.

Electricity demand within Hungary is expected to grow, while generating capacity is rapidly ageing. Investments are needed for grid improvements and generating capacity, both for increasing capacity (especially for low-carbon electricity) and replacing ageing plants. Ensuring predictable and attractive framework conditions for investing in energy infrastructure is crucial.

The government is considering additional nuclear power units. The extent to which nuclear power capacity will be expanded should be clarified without unnecessary delay, as it will have broad implications for the viability of other current and future base-load technologies.

Although per-capita energy consumption in Hungary is well below the OECD average, considerable potential remains for improving energy efficiency across all sectors. Measures to reduce consumption in the large existing building stock should be the governmentfs top priority for energy policy. Gradually, Hungary should also replace broad subsidies for energy use with direct support to those in need.


Tables des matières:

1. Executive Summary and Key Recommendations
-Executive summary
-Key recommendations
PART I.  POLICY ANALYSIS
2. Genergy Energy Policy
-Country overview
-Supply and demand
-Institutions
-Key policies
-Critique
-Recommendations
3. Climate Change
-Overview
-Energy]related CO2 emissions
-Institutions
-Policies and measures
-Critique
-Recommendations
4. Energy Efficiency
-End]use by sector
-Key institutions
-Policies and measures
-Critique
-Recommendations
PART II.  SECTOR ANALYSIS
5. Oil
-Supply and demand
-Infrastructure
-Market structure
-Prices and taxes
-Security of supply
-Critique
6. Natural Gas
-Supply and demand
-Market reform and structure
-Infrastructure
-Security of supply
-Prices and tariffs
-Critique
-Recommendations
7. Coal 
-Supply and demand
-Subsidies
-Critique
-Recommendations
8. Renewable Energy 
-Supply and demand
-Policies and measures
-Financing and project development -Critique
-Recommendations
9. Nuclear Energy
-Overview
-Development history
-Regulation
-Safety
-Plans for further development
-Fuel cycle facilities
-Waste management
-Critique
-Recommendations
10. Electricity 
-Supply and demand
-Regulatory and legal framework
-Market design and industry structure
-Transmission
-Prices and tariffs
-Critique
-Recommendations
11. Heat
-Supply and demand
-District heating sector
-Key policies and legislation
-Industry structure and regulatory framework
-Prices and tariffs
-Critique
-Recommendations
PART III.  ENERGY TECHNOLOGY
12. Research and Development
-Overview
-Funding
-International collaboration
-Critique
-Recommendations
PART IV.  ANNEXES
ANNEX A: Organisation of the review
ANNEX B: Energy balances and key statistical data
ANNEX C: International Energy Agency gShared Goalsh
ANNEX D: Glossary and list of abbreviations

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