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Smart Rules for Fair Trade
50 years of Export Credits
OECD Publishing , Publication date:  04 Oct 2011
Pages: 236 , Language: English
Version: Print (Paperback) + PDF
ISBN: 9789264111738 , OECD Code: 222011031P1
Price:   €45 | $63 | £40 | ¥5800 | MXN810 , Standard shipping included!
Availability: Available (Print on Demand)
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On the 50th anniversary of the OECD, we examine the unique work the organisation performs in regulating and rationalising governments’ use of export credits in support of exports, jobs, economic growth and national interests more broadly. This work is part of a global post war effort to emphasise multilateral co operation and sound economic policies to promote co operation, efficiency and prosperity rather than destructive competition, controversy and conflict.

OECD export credits work is one of the basic building blocks of the ever growing structure of global trade agreements that aim to maintain open and efficient markets. The objective is to eliminate subsidies and unfair practices in the economic competition that forms the foundation of a healthy and dynamic global economy. The elimination of official financing subsidies in global trade is only a part of the broader trade policy agenda, but it is a vital part, and has been delegated to the OECD by the WTO. Since financing is the life blood of trade flows, specialised OECD housed work allows trade to flow efficiently for aircraft and other capital goods while other trade policy work and litigation continue at the WTO.

The export credits work at the OECD is described in this collection of essays. However it is about much more than the series of agreements described herein. It is more fundamentally about the governments and their people - policy makers and experts - who gather at the OECD to build collectively a system of export credits disciplines that is fair, transparent, adaptable and effective. It is therefore as much about people and ideas as anything else. The export credit secretariat pictured above represents only the latest in a long line of OECD staff committed to facilitate and advise this work.

The OECD’s motto on its 50th anniversary is “Better Policies for Better Lives.” This reminds us that in the end, it is policies that are at the centre of human well being. And export credits work is about promoting these better policies by developing “smart rules” that open markets and maintain a level playing field and by bringing people and governments together to this end.

Table of contents:
Foreword by Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary General
I. Strategic Overview
-Open Markets Matter by Ken Ash, Director, OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate
-Smart rules for fair trade - why export credits matter by Steve Tvardek, Head of Export Credits Division, OECD
II. Evolution of Smart Rules
-Export credits and the OECD by Janet West, Head of the Export Credits Division of OECD 1993-2009
-Guidance note on the scope and application of the arrangement
-Timeline of Export Credit Agreements Trade Committee established 1961
-Chairpersons of the OECD Export Credit Committees from 1963 to 2011
-The early years - from OEEC to OECD, 1953 to 1962 by Jean Le cocguic, Senior Policy Analyst, Export Credits Division, OECD
-OECD work on export credits - a legal and institutional laboratory by Nicola Bonucci, Director, OECD Legal Directorate
III. Forum of Views
-Challenges going forward... by Angus Armour, Managing Director, EFIC, Australia
-Building bridges - from aircraft to sustainable lending by Nicole P. F. Bollen, Chairwomen of the OECD Export Credit Committees, 2005-2009
-Reflections on export credits in the OECD by Bob Crick, Vice-Chairman of the OECD Export Credits Committees, 1995-2009
-Human rights and labour standards - the duty of export credit agencies by John Evans, General Secretary, Trade Union Advisory Committee to the OECD
-Past achievements of the arrangement and future challenges by Fumio Hoshi, Deputy President, JBIC, Japan
-OECD's achievements on export credits - a mirror of its strength by Wilhelm B. Jaggi, Managing Director, SERV, Switzerland
- A German perspective of export credits in the OECD by Hans Janus, Member of the Board, Euler Hermes, Germany
-Export credits and Korea by the Delegation of Korea to the OECD
-The European Banking Federation and OECD export credits by elena Letemendia, Senior Advisor, European Banking Federation
-Towards the next 50 years - a view on outreach by Kohei Okada, Vice-Chairman of the OECD Export Credit Committees, 2004
-Financing nuclear power plants by John Hughes Perreard, Vice President, and Anne Crepin, Deputy Vice President, AREVA, France
-Negotiating as a block: the EU and export credits by Denis Redonnet, Head of Unit, Directorate General for Trade, European Commission
-A long history in facing challenges by Francois de Ricolfis, Chariman of the  OECD Export Credit Committees, 2009 to present
-OECD and Agricultural Export Credits: A singular failure by MIke Roberts, Chairman of the OECD Export Credit Committees, 2004
-Negotiations and export credits in the OECD - A never-ending story by Kurt Schaerer, Chairman, OECD Export Credits Committees, 1992 to 1999
-The business view by John Tyler, Export Credit Task Force, Trade Union Advisory Committee to the OECD, 2004-2011
-The OECD and civil society In the fight against corruption by Michael H. Wiehen, Member of the Advisory Council, Transparency International
-Strength in co-operation: the Berne Union and the OECD by Kimberly Wiehl, Secretary-General of the Berne Union
-Export credit agencies at the OECD - any role left? by by Wiert Wiertsema, ECA Watch
IV. The Global Financial Crisis
-Statements on export credits and the financial crisis, OECD and non-OECD countries
- Credit where credit is due - Averting a global meltdown by John Ahearn, Managing Director, Citi, United States
-The OECD export credit regime - a bright past, what of the future? Denis Stas de Richelle, Global Head of Export Finance, Société Générale, France
V. Greener Export Credits
-A cleaner future? by Julian Paisey, Senior Policy Analyst, Export Credits Division, OECD
-Development of export credit rules in new areas by Birgitta Nygren, Chairwoman of the OECD Export Credits Committees, 1999-2003
-The greening of export credits by Patrick Crawford, Chief Executive, ECGD, United Kingdom
-Implementing environmental common approaches by Pekka Karkovita, Vice-Chairman of the OECD Export Credits Committees, 2001 to 2010
-The US perspective on export credits going green by Jim Mahoney, Vice-President and Isabel Galdiz, OECD Negotiator, Export-Import Bank of the United States
VI. Civil Aircraft
-Rules for aircraft financing - the 2007 and 2011 agreements by Jean Le Cocguic, Senior Policy Analyst, Export Credits Division, OECD
- The aircraft negotiations 2004 to 2007 - “this will never fly!” by Peter Cameron, Alternate Executive Director for Canada, Inter-American Development Bank
- From Rio 2007 to Paris 2011 - Brazil's perspective on the civil aircraft agreements by Marcello Della Nina, Counsellor at teh Brazilian Mission to WTO
-The 2011 Aircraft Agreement - A turning point? by David Berg, Vice-President and General Counsel of the Air Transport Association of America, Inc. and Marc Verspyck, Senior Vice President, Finance, Air France
VII. Concessional and Non-Concessional Export Credits
-Smart aid rules for development, not export promotion by Steve Tvardek, Head of Export Credits Division, OECD
-Sustainable lending and OECD leadership by Herve Joly, Division Chief, International Monetary Fund
VIII. Premium Fees
- Premium: The least understood rules of the Arrangement by Michael Gonter, Senior Policy Analyst, Export Credits Division, OECD
-New rules for export credit premium fees by David Drysdale, Vice-Chairman of the OECD Export Credits Committees
IX. Conclusion
-Future challenges by Steve Tvardek, Head of the Export Credits Division, OECD
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