Regulations are indispensable to the proper functioning of economies and societies. They underpin markets, protect the rights and safety of citizens and ensure the delivery of public goods and services. At the same time, regulations are rarely costless. Businesses complain that red tape holds back competitiveness while citizens complain about the time that it takes to fill out government paperwork. More worrying still, regulations can be inconsistent with the achievement of policy objectives. They can have unintended consequences and they can become less effective or even redundant over time. The 2008 financial crisis, and the ensuing and ongoing economic downturn are stark reminders of the consequence of regulatory failure.
Reflecting the importance of getting regulation right, this report encourages governments to “think big” about the relevance of regulatory policy. It assesses the recent efforts of OECD countries to develop and deepen regulatory policy and governance. It evaluates the comprehensive policy cycle by which regulations are designed, assessed and evaluated, revised, and enforced at all levels of government. It describes progress developing a range of regulatory management tools including consultation, Regulatory Impact Assessment, and risk and regulation. It also illustrates more nascent effort to promote regulatory governance including creating accountability and oversight of regulatory agencies and creating a “whole of government” approach for regulatory design and enforcement. The report provides ideas on developing a robust regulatory environment, a key to returning to a stronger, fairer and more sustainable growth path.
Table of contents:
Executive summary Key messages Chapter 1.Setting the scene: The importance of regulatory policy -What is regulatory policy? -The tools of regulatory policy -What has been learned? -No room for complacency Chapter 2.The achievements of regulatory policy -Regulatory policy and economic theory -Measuring the benefits of regulatory reform and policy -The benefits of reducing regulatory costs -Support for quality of life, social cohesion, and the rule of law -Conclusion Chapter 3.Challenges for the future -Economic recovery and sustained growth -Complex and interrelated policy goals -Transparency, users, and trust in government Chapter 4.The need for stronger regulatory governance -The regulatory governance cycle -Leadership and oversight -The role of regulatory agencies -Creating a culture for regulatory quality -Engaging government actors across levels of government -Improving the governance of risk regulation -The international challenge Chapter 5.Drawing a roadmap for regulatory policy -Addressing the gaps in regulatory governance -Practical approaches for sharing the lessons of OECD -Conclusion: Promoting a shared vision Bibliography