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Jobs for Youth/Des emplois pour les jeunes
Off to a Good Start? Jobs for Youth
OECD Publishing , Publication date:  21 Dec 2010
Pages: 160 , Language: English
Version: Print (Paperback) + PDF
ISBN: 9789264096073 , OECD Code: 812010231P1
Price:   €29 | $40 | £26 | ¥3700 | MXN520 , Standard shipping included!
Availability: Available (Print on Demand)
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Other languages:  Japanese (Distributed by another publisher) French (Available)
Other Versions:  E-book - PDF Format
Multilingual summaries:  Spanish, Chinese, Italian, German, Portuguese, Russian, Japanese, English

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Description

Promoting a smooth transition from school to work, and ensuring that youth are given the opportunities to move on in their careers and lives, have long been issues of fundamental importance for our economies and societies. Today, they are even more pressing challenges as the global economy emerges from the worst crisis of the past 50 years. Indeed, young people have borne much of the brunt of the recent jobs crisis. The youth unemployment rate is approaching 20% in the OECD area, with nearly 4 million more youth among the unemployed than at the end of 2007. 

The initial experience in the labour market has a profound influence on later working life. Getting off to a good start facilitates youth integration into the world of work and lays the foundation for a good career, while it can be difficult to catch up after an initial failure. In particular, the jobs crisis is likely to leave long-lasting “scarring” effects on some of the current generation of school-leavers, particularly if they face multiple disadvantages, such as having low skills and also coming from a disadvantaged background. 

Tackling the youth jobs crisis requires a strong commitment from all: the youth themselves, the government through well-targeted and effective policy measures, social partners though their participation in the dialogue, and other key actors – such as teachers, practitioners and parents – who can really make a difference to investing in youth. 

This report makes an important contribution to a new agenda of youth-friendly employment policies and practices. It analyses the situation of youth employment and unemployment in the context of the jobs crisis and identifies successful policy measures in OECD countries. But it also discusses structural reforms in education and in the labour market that can facilitate the transition from school to work. The report draws on both recent data and the main lessons that emerged from the 16 country reviews conducted as part of the OECD Jobs for Youth/Des emplois pour les jeunes programme.


Table of contents:

Abbreviations
Executive Summary
Introduction
Chapter 1
. How are young people faring in the jobs crisis?
-A. Youth unemployment and employment trends
-B. Key factors at stake
Chapter 2. The youth employment challenge
-A. The magnitude of the demographic challenge
-B. Diversity of youth labour market outcomes across individual countries
-C. Towards a scoreboard of youth labour markets
Chapter 3. Pathways and hurdles for some youth in the school-to-work transition
-A. Aggregate indicators
-B. Multiple pathways
Chapter 4. Better education and training to improve the transition to work
-A. Key challenges of initial education and learning on the job
-B. Ensuring that youth leave education with the skills required on the labour market
Chapter 5. Removing demand-side barriers to youth employment
-A. Main labour-demand opportunities and barriers
-B. Tackling the demand-side barriers to youth employment
Chapter 6. Minimising the longer-term impact of the jobs crisis on youth
-A. Helping youth weather the jobs crisis
-B. Measures that work for youth
-C. Averting the “scarring” effects on the current generation of school-leavers
-D. Securing the safety net and the employment and training pathways of young workers
-E. Making active labour market measures for the least employable young people more effective and strengthening social protection for the most disadvantaged youth
Chapter 7. Conclusion: implementing jobs for youth policies
-A. Broadening opportunities and developing capabilities in the current economic context
-B. The longer-term view: tackling handicaps early and re-assessing them regularly
-C. The co-ordinated view: involving all actors
Bibliography

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