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School Safety and Security
Keeping Schools Safe in Earthquakes
OECD. Published by : OECD Publishing , Publication date:  04 Aug 2004
Pages: 244 , Language: English
Version: Print (Paperback) + PDF
ISBN: 9789264016699 , OECD Code: 952004021P1
Price:   €48 | $67 | £43 | ¥6200 | MXN860
Availability: Out of print
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Other languages:  Chinese (Distributed by another publisher)
Other Versions:  E-book - PDF Format
Multilingual summaries:  Spanish

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Imprint:  Programme on Educational Building


Earthquake-prone communities need earthquake-resistant schools. In 2002, a primary school in San Giuliano, Italy, collapsed killing 29 children and one teacher. In May 2003, a medium-sized earthquake in the city of Bingöl, Turkey, caused the collapse of three new schools and a dormitory, killing many children as they slept. All too frequently, earthquakes cause the collapse of school buildings and the injury and death of staff and students. Further, when schools are closed because of earthquake damage, education is hampered, community life disrupted, and potential emergency shelters unavailable. Where school attendance is compulsory, communities have an obligation to provide a safe study and work environment.

Why do schools collapse even during moderate earthquakes? Experts agree that many collapse due to avoidable errors in design and construction. Often, the needed technology is not applied and laws and regulations are not sufficiently enforced. Application of existing knowledge can significantly lower the seismic risk of schools and help prevent further injury and death of school occupants during earthquakes. Moreover, this can be accomplished at reasonable cost and within a reasonable period.

Keeping Schools Safe in Earthquakes presents expert knowledge, opinions and experiences, and provides valuable insight into the scope of problems involved in protecting schools and their occupants. Its recommendations are a call to action to all governments in OECD and partner countries to help facilitate their implementation.

Table of contents:
Chapter 1. Cover and table of contents
Chapter 2. Executive summary
Chapter 3. Acknowledging the Importance of Improving Earthquake Safety in Schools
Chapter 4. Recognising the Obstacles to Improving Seismic Safety of Schools
Chapter 5. Defining Seismic Safety Principles for Schools
Chapter 6. Assessing Vulnerability and Risks to Schools and Other Public Buildings
Chapter 7. Identifying Strategies and Programmes for Improving School Seismic Safety
Chapter 8. Taking an Initial Step Towards Improving Earthquake Safety in Schools: Ad Hoc Experts’ Group Report on Earthquake Safety in Schools
Chapter 9. Contributors to this publication
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