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Cities and Climate Change
OECD Publishing , Publication date:  07 Dec 2010
Pages: 276 , Language: English
Version: Print (Paperback) + PDF
ISBN: 9789264063662 , OECD Code: 042010081P1
Price:   €59 | $82 | £53 | ¥7600 | MXN1060 , Standard shipping included!
Availability: Available
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Other languages:  Chinese (Distributed by another publisher)
Other Versions:  E-book - PDF Format

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Tables: 19  Charts: 51 

Description

As the hubs of economic activity, cities drive the vast majority of the world’s energy use and are major contributors to global greenhouse gas emissions. Because they are home to major infrastructure and highly concentrated populations, cities are also vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, such as rising sea levels, warmer temperatures and fiercer storms. At the same time, better urban planning and policies can reduce energy use and greenhouse gas emissions and improve the resilience of urban infrastructure to climate change, thus shaping future trends.  

This book shows how city and metropolitan regional governments working in tandem with national governments can change the way we think about responding to climate change. The chapters analyse: trends in urbanisation, economic growth, energy use and climate change; the economic benefits of climate action; the role of urban policies in reducing energy demand, improving resilience to climate change and complementing global climate policies; frameworks for multilevel governance of climate change including engagement with relevant stakeholders; and the contribution of cities to “green growth”, including the “greening” of fiscal policies, innovation and jobs. The book also explores policy tools and best practices from both OECD and some non-member countries.  

Cities and Climate Change reveals the importance of addressing climate change across all levels of government. Local involvement through “climate-conscious” urban planning and management can help achieve national climate goals and minimise tradeoffs between environmental and economic priorities at local levels. The book will be relevant to policy makers, researchers, and others with an interest in learning more about urbanisation and climate change policy. 


Table of contents:
Foreword
Acknowledgements
Acronyms and Abbreviations
Executive Summary
Introduction
PART I: TRENDS
Chapter 1. Urbanisation, Economic Growth and Climate Change
-The worldwide urbanisation process
-Cities and economic concentration
-Economic growth, energy use and greenhouse gas emissions
-The urban form matters - the impact of sprawl
Chapter 2. Climate Change Impacts Specific to Urban Regions
-Urban climate impacts and vulnerabilities
-Coastal flooding risks
-Precipitation and storm impacts
-Heat impacts and heat-island efects
-Effects of increased drought and water scarcity
-The costs of urban inaction
Chapter 3. Economic Benefits of Climate Action: The Urban Dimension
-Effects of urban policies on global energy demand and carbon emissions
-Environment and economic growth at the urban scale From trade-offs to policy complementarity
-Other benfits of urban climate policies
-Annex 3.A1. Computable General Equilibrium Model of cities and Climate Change: IMACLIM-R and OECD Metropolitan Database
PART II: COMPETITIVENESS POLICIES
Chapter 4. The Urban Policy Package
-Urban governance and policy complementarities
-Density and spatial urban form in combating climate change
-Strategic urban planning for climate change
Chapter 5. Contribution of Cities to a Green Growth Model
-Facilitating job creation through green growth: The role of cities and regions
-Systemic changed through regional eco-innovation
PART III: GOVERNANCE
Chapter 6. Multi-level Governance: A Conceptual Framework
-Methodology and key questions to structure the analysis
Chapter 7. Local and Regional Governance
-The public policy process: The planning behind climate change action plans and policies
-Collaboration between municipalities and regional government
Chapter 8. Local-National Climate Policy Linkages
-Main rationale for local-national policy linkages
-Institutional models: Local-national co-operation on climate change
-Incorporating climate change into existing national, regional, and and urban development frameworks
-Addressing national barriers to local action
-Summary points
Chapter 9. Financial Instruments and Funding New Expenditure Needs
-Financial instruments and incentives
-New urban expenditures and new funding sources
-An optimal mix of revenue sources
Chapter 10. Building Institutions to Enhance Local Knowledge and Strengthen Action
-Analytic-deliberative capacity and policy frameworks
-Developing the toolbox to harness city-scale decision making
-Urban policy networks and climate change
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