Functioning states are essential for reducing poverty, sustaining peace and achieving agreed development goals. Despite receiving growing international attention in recent years, fragile states are falling behind other low-income countries in human development. Fragility – and its negative consequences – can destabilise entire regions and have global repercussions. Tackling the challenges associated with fragility requires a concerted international effort to support sustainable statebuilding processes, based on robust state-society relations.
Supporting Statebuilding in Situations of Conflict and Fragility: Policy Guidance presents new thinking on statebuilding and clear recommendations for better practice. It provides an internationally accepted conceptual framework for statebuilding, informed by today’s realities of conflict-affected and fragile situations. Building on good practices already being successfully applied on the ground, this guidance lays out how developing and developed countries can better facilitate positive statebuilding processes and strengthen the foundations upon which capable and legitimate states are built. The recommendations in this guidance address critical areas for better international engagement from strategy development and programme design and delivery to day-to-day operations in the field and at headquarters.
Tables des matières:
Executive Summary Introduction PART I. CONCEPT OF STATEBUILDING AND THE CHALLENGES OF FRAGILITY Chapter 1. Statebuilding in fragile contexts: key terms and concepts -Contemporary understandings of the state -Defining statebuilding -State fragility and resilience Chapter 2. History and statebuilding -Statebuilding in the Western World -Statebuilding in fragile contexts and hybrid political orders Statebuilding in a new global environment -Historical and structural legacies for statebuilding in fragile contexts Chapter 3. Critical elements underpinning statebuilding -Political settlement and political processes -State capability and responsiveness -Social expectations -State legitimacy PART II. POLICY GUIDANCE AND RECOMMENDATIONS Chapter 1. Making strategic choices and defining overall objectives -1. Understand context and local statebuilding processes and dynamics -2. Understand your own role and clarify your objectives in relation to statebuilding -3. Consider whom you can work with, and where to work -4. Work towards greater coherence throughout your government/organisation -5. Recognise the global and regional dimension of statebuilding Chapter 2. Designing and delivering country programmes -1. Adapt programme delivery to fragile contexts -2. Identify and agree on key statebuilding priorities -3. Design integrated interventions to foster constructive state-society relations Chapter 3. Choosing tools for analysis and monitoring -1. Make use of a range of analytical tools to understand the context for statebuilding -2. Understand and monitor external impact on statebuilding, and measure progress Chapter 4. Adapting aid delivery modalities and technical assistance -1. Align aid modalities with statebuilding objectives -2. Align technical assistance with statebuilding objectives Chapter 5. Improving development partner operations -1. Strengthen field presence and capacity to work on statebuilding in fragile situations -2. Manage the risks of operating in fragile and conflict-affected situations and learn from failures -3. Create incentives for collaboration and whole-of-government co-operation -4. Review procedures and regulations in the context of statebuilding objectives -5. Be aware of the impact of your presence and behaviour on your legitimacy Bibliography