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Competitiveness and Private Sector Development
Competitiveness and Private Sector Development: Central Asia 2011
Competitiveness Outlook
OECD, The World Economic Forum. Published by : OECD Publishing , Date de parution:  06 juil 2011
Pages: 160 , Langue: Anglais
Version: Livre (Broché) + PDF
ISBN: 9789264097278 , Code OCDE: 252011011P1
Prix:   €48 | $67 | £43 | ¥6200 | MXN860 , Frais de livraison inclus
Disponibilité: Disponible
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With a total population of 92 million people, near universal literacy and abundant energy resources, Central Asia is an attractive destination for investment and trade.  The region is strategically located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, and surrounded by some of the world’s fastest-growing economies such as Russia, India and China, who are increasingly investing in the region. From 2000 to2009, foreign direct investment flows into Central Asia increased almost ninefold, while the region’s gross domestic product grew on average by 8.2% annually.

While Central Asia is endowed with many natural and human resources that could drive its economies to even higher levels of competitiveness, the poor quality of the region’s business environment remains a major obstacle. Key areas for improvement include reinforcing legal and economic institutions; prioritizing the development of the small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) sector; and building the capacity of business intermediary organisations.

This Central Asia Competitiveness Outlook examines the key policies that would increase competitiveness in Central Asia and reduce dependence on the natural resource sector, namely through developing human capital, improving access to finance, and capturing more and better investment opportunities. It was carried out in collaboration with the World Economic Forum under the aegis of the OECD Central Asia Initiative, a regional programme that contributes to economic growth and competitiveness in Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. The Initiative is part of the wider OECD Eurasia Competitiveness Programme.

Tables des matières:

Executive Summary
Chapter 1. The Competitiveness Potential of Central Asia
-Significant endowments
-Increased attractiveness and performance: FDI growth and enhanced productivity 
-Current competitiveness challenges in Central Asia: The need to build capabilities further
-Opportunities to enhance policies for competitiveness
-Developing public-private dialogue
Chapter 2. How Central Asian Economies Perform: Results from the Global Competitiveness Index
-World Economic Forum methodology
-Performance of Central Asia as a region: Significant challenges are yet to be addressed
-Country-level competitiveness
-Annex 2.A1. Computation and Structure of the Global Competitiveness Index 2010-11
Chapter 3. Toward Higher-quality Education and Training
The importance of developing human capital
-Human capital development in Central Asia: Findings
-Overview of human capital development in Central Asia
-Spending on education
-Efficiency of spending on education
-Quality of the education system
-Relevance of education to economic needs
-Employer involvement in education planning and development
-Policies for competitiveness: The need for a comprehensive human capital strategy
Chapter 4. Improving Access to Financing for Smaller Enterprises
-The importance of access to finance for SMEs.
-Business environment: Access to finance is one of the key obstacles to private sector development
-Access to finance: The need for a comprehensive reform strategy
-Reforms through both direct and indirect interventions are needed
Chapter 5. Capturing More and Better Investments
-The role of foreign direct investment in building long-term capabilities
-Evolution of FDI in Central Asia
-OECD Policies for Competitiveness (PfC) Assessment Framework on investment policy and promotion in Central Asia
-Assessment results for Central Asia: Land reform, investment restrictions and investment promotion capabilities are key areas to address
Chapter 6. Kazakhstan: A Case Study on Diversification and Sector Competitiveness
The case of Kazakhstan
-The diversification imperative
-The role of FDI in building long-term capabilities
-Enhancing the competitiveness of non-energy sectors
-Recommendations on how to move up the value chain in targeted sectors
-Sustaining reforms through public-private dialogue, human capital and more effective investment policy and promotion

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