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Building Resilient Regions for Stronger Economies
, Publication date: 06 Dec 2011
Version: Print (Paperback) + Free PDF
OECD Code: 042011081P1
€60 | $84 | £54 | ¥7800 | MXN1080
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The OECD Regional Outlook 2011 provides an overview of the main developments in performance among OECD regions and the challenges for regional policy after the crisis. The first two chapters present fresh analysis of regional growth and labour-market trends, exploring their implications for policy. This is followed by three chapters offering focused analyses of key policy issues. The first, and most immediate, concerns the state of sub-national government finances in the wake of the crisis and its implications for managing public investment, in particular, during a period of austerity. The next two chapters are concerned with the potential contribution of regions and regional policies to addressing the longer-term challenges of innovation and green growth. Part 3 of the Outlook presents a "policy forum", a wide-ranging debate on the role of regional policy today involving experts and officials from within and outside the OECD. Finally, the Outlook includes individual country pages providing detailed quantitative and qualitative information on regional performance, institutions and policy settings in OECD members.
PART I. KEY REGIONAL TRENDS AND POLICIES
Chapter 1. Regional growth: disparities and opportunities
-The OECD growth problem, a new development model and the role of regional policy
-How regions contribute to national and OECD-wide growth and employment
-Ageing and migration: Long-term forces that shape regional labour resources
Chapter 2. Regional responses to the jobs crisis
-The employment challenge in regional labour markets
-Area-based strategies to exit the crisis and create jobs that last
Chapter 3. Dealing with sub-national finances under strain
-Increased financial strains on sub-national governments
-From stimulus to fiscal consolidation at sub-national level
-Can the debt of sub-national governments be sustained?
-Fiscal consolidation requires the credible involvement of sub-national governments
-Changing instruments in fiscal federal relations
PART II. SPECIAL FOCUS - INNOVATION AND GREEN GROWTH IN REGIONS Chapter 4. Regions matter for innovation
-Regions are competing in a changing and global innovation context
-Innovation and regional development policies: A double paradigm shift
-How can regions support innovation-driven development?
Chapter 5. Green growth for regional development
-How cities can contribute to a green growth strategy
-The contribution of rural areas toa green growth regional development
-An employment strategy for rural areas: Fostering renewable energies
-Managing water: What multi-level governance arrangements should be put in place?
PART III. POLICY FORUM - PLACE-BASED OR SPATIALLY BLIND DEVELOPMENT MODELS?
Chapter 6. Why location matters: The terms of a debate
-Why location matters: The terms of a debate
-Place-based policies and wider development considerations
-Advancing the debate
Chapter 7. Improving regional development policies
-A polarised policy debate
-Economic growth will be unbalanced
-Integrate, integrate, integrate
-The Italian, Iberian, and Irish approaches
Chapter 8. Places, in places, but people everywhere: The place for policy
-Finding a new policy balance
Chapter 9. Non-market effects on agglomeration and their policy responses – can we overcome the mismatch?
-Why such a difference of views on regional policy?
-Non-market effects of agglomeration
-Agglomeration and urban primacy in the world
Chapter 10. Why and when development policy should be place-based
-Globalisation and development
-Changes in development policy thinking
-Space-neutral versus place-based approaches
-The elements of appropriate regional development policies
Chapter 11. Alternative approaches to development policy: intersections and divergences
-Five approaches to development policy
-Identifying intersections and divergences to fashion a way forward
PART IV. COUNTRY NOTES