Few subjects are as controversial – and poorly understood – as globalisation. While in its broadest sense, economic globalisation is as old as trade itself, the recent financial crisis has amplified the complexity associated with the global interconnectedness of the world’s economies and its ramifications on our livelihoods.
This publication reviews the major turning points in the history of economic integration, and in particular the pace at which it has accelerated since the 1990s. It also considers its impact in four crucial areas, namely employment, development, the environment and financial stability: does globalisation foster development or create inequality? Does it promote or destroy jobs? Is it damaging to the environment or compatible with its preservation? Are we heading towards de-globalisation or can globalisation in fact enable recovery?
Tables des matières:
1. Introduction 2. The merchant, the inventor and the sovereign (from the Neolithic period to the Second World War) 3. Growing economic integration in a divided world (from 1945 to the 1990s) 4. A global or semi-global village? (from the 1990s to today) 5. Does globalisation promote development? 6. Does globalisation promote employment? 7. What is the impact of globalisation on the environment? 8. The 2008 financial crisis – A crisis of globalisation? References