This 2011 review of Israel's environmental conditions and policies evaluates progress in sustainable development, improving natural resource management, integrating environmental and economic policies, and strengthening international co-operation. This report is the first OECD review of Israel’s environmental policy performance.
Tables des matières:
Executive summary PART I. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Chapter 1.Towards green growth -Assessment and recommendations -1. Economic growth and the environment -2. Strategic framework for sustainable development and green growth -3. Integrating environmental and fiscal policies -4. Promoting environmental technologies, goods and services -5. Corporate environmental responsibility and trade policy Chapter 2.Environmental management -Assessment and recommendations -1. Environmental policy and institutional framework -2. Environmental legislation -3. Establishment of environmental requirements -4. Environmental compliance assurance -5. Promoting environmental democracy -6. Environmental management at the local level Chapter 3.International co-operation -Assessment and recommendations -1. Policy objectives and institutions -2. Bilateral co-operation and development assistance -3. Regional co-operation -4. Co-operation on global environmental issues -5. Trade in environmentally sensitive goods PART II. SELECTED ISSUES Chapter 4.Water -Assessment and recommendations -1. Institutional and legal framework -2. Pressures on water quantity -3. Quality of ground and surface water -4. National policy objectives and international commitments -5. Towards more efficient water use -6. Towards more efficient water quality management -7. Water and nature management -8. Expenditure on and financing of water management Chapter 5.Biodiversity conservation and sustainable use -Assessment and recommendations -1. Key trends and projections -2. Israel’s biodiversity policy and institutional framework -3. Israel’s policy mix for conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity -4. Mainstreaming biodiversity into other sectors/policy areas Chapter 6.Climate change and air quality -Assessment and recommendations -1. Introduction. -2. Emissions performance and projections -3. Policy framework -4. Cross-sectoral policy instruments -5. Policies and measures in the energy sector -6. Policies and measures in the transport sector -7. Policy and measures in other sectors Chapter 7.Waste management -Assessment and recommendations. -1. Policy and institutional setting -2. Trends in waste generation -3. Progress in environmentally sound management of non-hazardous waste -4. Reducing impacts of hazardous and industrial waste -5. Addressing impacts of contaminated sites References -Reference I.A. Selected environmental data -Reference I.B. Selected Economic Data -Reference I.C. Selected social data -Reference II. Abbreviations