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Knowledge Networks and Markets in the Life Sciences
OECD Publishing , Date de parution:  21 juin 2012
Pages: 128 , Langue: Anglais
Version: Livre (Broché) + PDF
ISBN: 9789264119376 , Code OCDE: 932012011P1
Prix:   €30 | $42 | £27 | ¥3900 | MXN540 , Frais de livraison inclus
Disponibilité: Disponible (impression à la demande)
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Autres versions:  Livre électronique - Format PDF

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Around the OECD countries and beyond, there is a proliferation of initiatives in the life sciences to bring together disperse elements of global research and establish an effective virtual infrastructure for open innovation. Their common goal is to leverage innovative capacity by creating interconnected webs of knowledge and exploiting external expertise.
Some such initiatives have as their goal the monetisation and trading of knowledge in the form of intellectual assets. Others seek to create networks for pooling and exchange of knowledge. Together, these initiatives can be referred to as “knowledge networks and markets” (KNMs). This report considers the development of such KNMs and examines the impact of current initiatives and the possible options for governments, working with the private sector, to improve innovation efficiency and effectiveness.
Improving the interoperability of knowledge resources is fundamental to  the creation of a necessary shared infrastructure for efficient KNM to emerge, as is related sustainable funding and policy clarity. Governments can play a vital catalytic role in improving the productivity of KNMs through such infrastructure development and encouragement of associated social networking. the report makes suggestions for some priority actions based on existing case studies.    

Tables des matières:

Executive summary
Chapter 1. The rise of knowledge networks and markets as enablers of open innovation
-Definition of knowledge networks and markets (KNMs)
-Varieties of KNMs
-A diversity of structures
-Open questions about KNMs
-Report structure
Chapter 2. Knowledge flows
-The definition of knowledge
-The new knowledge complex
-Industry perspective on knowledge flows
-IP market failures and knowledge flows
Chapter 3. Advantages of knowledge networks and markets
-From open innovation to knowledge networks and markets in drug development
-A network of pharmaceutical consortia
-The promise of information technology and knowledge markets in the life sciences
Chapter 4. Theories for building knowledge networks and markets
-Typologies for knowledge networks and markets
-Data mining in biomedicine
Chapter 5. Case Studies of knowledge networks and markets
-Varieties of knowledge networks and markets
-Online auctions, exchanges and brokers
Chapter 6. The importance of knowledge valuation for knowledge networks and markets
-Measuring and reporting intellectual assets at the firm level
-Exploiting intellectual assets to create national wealth
-Leveraging knowledge to create equity markets
Chapter 7. Conclusions and research needs in knowledge networks and markets
-What are knowledge networks and markets (KNMs)?
-What benefits might knowledge networks and markets offer?
-What policy support do KNMs require?
-What should be the focus of future work?
-Future research programme

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