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Future Prospects for Industrial Biotechnology
OECD Publishing , Date de parution:  04 oct 2011
Pages: 140 , Langue: Anglais
Version: Livre (Broché) + PDF
ISBN: 9789264119567 , Code OCDE: 932011051P1
Prix:   €33 | $46 | £29 | ¥4200 | MXN590 , Frais de livraison inclus
Disponibilité: Disponible (impression à la demande)
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Autres versions:  Livre électronique - Format PDF

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Description

The field of industrial biotechnology has moved rapidly in recent years as a combined result of international political desire, especially in the case of biofuels, and unprecedented progress in molecular biology research that has supplied the enabling technologies. Different geographical regions  have different priorities, but common drivers are climate change mitigation and the desire for energy independence. Now, industrial biotechnology has reached the centre of scientific and political attention. At no time in the past has there been a more pressing need for coherent, evidence-based, proportionate regulations and policy measures; they are at the heart of responsible development of industrial biotechnology.

This publication examines the international drivers, the enabling technologies that are fast-tracking Industrial Biotechnology, industry trends, some of the products that are appearing on the market, industry structure and finance, and finally policy measures and trends. It examines separately biofuels, biobased chemicals and bioplastics. It is quite clear that a supportive policy framework for the development of biofuels exists in many countries, but that no such framework is in place for biobased chemicals and bioplastics. This seems at odds with the apparent need for the integrated biorefinery, where chemicals and plastics production will significantly improve profitability when produced alongside transportation fuels. 


Tables des matières:

Executive summary
Chapter 1. Introduction – Scope and drivers for industrial biotechnology
-
Global drivers
-Regional drivers
-References
Chapter 2. Emerging synthetic enabling technologies
-Discovery technologies
-Modification/optimisation technologies
-Synthetic biology brings all the elements together
-The role of extreme environments
-References
Chapter 3. Trends in industry and products
-Biofuels
-Bio-based chemicals
-Platform chemicals and integrated biorefineries
-Bulk chemicals
-Fine or specialty chemicals
-Bio-based chemicals: The policy gap
-Bioplastics
-Future outlook
-References
Chapter 4. Current high-visibility industrial biotechnology products
-Industrial biotechnology penetrates the thermoplastics market
-Sorona from bio-pdo
-Bio-isoprene: Sugar to rubber
-Toyota and green growth
-Coca-cola bio-pet: Plantbottle
-Spider silk may soon come of age
-References
Chapter 5. Business organisation and finance in industrial biotechnology
-The clustering phenomenon
-Industrial biotechnology companies
-Business models and growth strategies in industrial biotechnology
-IP and industrial biotechnology
-Growth strategies for industrial companies
-Financing and investment models for industrial biotechnology
-References
Chapter 6. Biotechnology policy – Developments, implications and conclusions
-Short- and long-term policy instruments
-Current policy trends
-Some emerging policy trends
-Comparative bio-based chemicals and bioplastics policy: a common regime?
-Conclusions
-References
-Annex A. OECD workshop on the outlook on industrial biotechnology, January 2010
-Annex B. OECD workshop on building an efficient bioeconomy through industrial biotechnology, October 2010

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