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Strong Performers and Successful Reformers in Education
Education Policy Advice for Greece
OECD Publishing , Date de parution:  17 jan 2012
Pages: 112 , Langue: Anglais
Version: Livre (Broché) + PDF
ISBN: 9789264119574 , Code OCDE: 982011071P1
Prix:   €30 | $42 | £27 | ¥3900 | MXN540 , Frais de livraison inclus
Disponibilité: Disponible
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Autres versions:  Livre électronique - Format PDF

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The future of Greece’s well-being will depend on improving educational performance to boost productivity and improve social outcomes. In the current economic context, with the need to get best value for spending, Greece must and can address inefficiencies in its education system.

The challenges are significant. For example, Greece lags behind many OECD countries in performance on PISA, including countries with the same or lower levels of expenditure per student as well as countries with the same and lower levels of economic development. Salary costs per student are above the OECD average, mostly because Greek teachers have less teaching time and Greece has smaller classes. A smaller percentage of students who enter tertiary education complete a first degree within the statutory study time than in any other country in Europe.

To address the challenges, the Greek government has established a bold agenda and sought advice from a task force on the development and implementation of reform proposals that reflect best practices in OECD countries. This report provides the outcomes of the work of the task force. It presents a roadmap for how the reforms can be successfully implemented, with pointers to relevant experience in other countries. As a contribution to the on-going policy discussions in Greece, it recommends specific short-, medium- and long-term actions that can improve efficiency in the country’s education system.

Tables des matières:

-The challenge to bring about lasting change
-Context of reform 
-- Social and cultural context 
-- Governmental context
Chapter One: Improving Efficiency in Primary and Secondary Education
-Development and use of human resources 
-- Teachers
--Student-teacher ratios 
-- School leadership 
-- Current reforms 
--Observations on current reforms 
-- Summary of recommendations
-Rationalisation of the school network 
-- Inefficient network of small schools, low number of students per teacher, and small class size 
-- Observations on the reforms 
-- Summary of recommendations
-Evaluation and assessment 
-- Evaluation and assessment to improve school and system performance and efficiency 
-- Current reforms 
-- Observations on the challenges when establishing a culture of evaluation 
-- Summary of recommendations
-Governance and management 
-- Making more efficient use of available resources 
-- Current reforms 
-- Observations on the reforms 
-- Summary of recommendations
Chapter Two: Improving Efficiency in Tertiary Education
Competitiveness of tertiary education 
-- Major issues related to efficiency 
-- Current reforms
-Issues related to efficiency and effectiveness 
-- High entrance rates but comparatively low completion 
-- Returns to further education and employment of tertiary education graduates 
-- Lack of differentiation and dispersion of resources over many small institutions and departments 
-- Lack of capacity to steer the system and to govern and manage institutions 
-- Limited non-public funding and cost-sharing to complement governmental subsidy
-Current and proposed reforms 
-- Proposed framework law 
-- Other ongoing reforms
-Summary of recommendations
--Enact the proposed higher education framework law to establish a new foundation for improved efficiency and performance 
-- Strengthen institutional governance management 
-- Establish an independent steering entity, the Hellenic Higher Education Authority, by expanding the role of the Independent 
-- Organise a special service of the new entity to provide technical assistance to institutions in their implementation of the governance and management structures mandated by the new higher education framework law 
-- Devolve responsibility for financial and human resource management to the institutions and redesign the funding models within an accountability framework 
-- Shift from ex ante controls of staff appointments and salary conditions to ex post enforcement, holding institutional governing boards accountable for compliance with government policies and regulations
-Reform the basic compensation package for academic staff to encompass all sources of payment and provide for a major portion of the salary to count for contributions to social benefits and pensions 
-- Develop different criteria and methodologies for allocations of the general (recurring) operating budget, including funding for salaries, and for the budget component for performance, drawing on best practice in the EU and OECD countries 
-- Reduce admissions to the higher education system to entry rates comparable to the average of EU countries and more clearly differentiate admissions requirements between the universities and the TEIs 
-- Establish new rules for transfers 
-- Establish a more clearly differentiated binary system, including a university sector and a non-university sector 
-- Consolidate or merge small departments with low enrolments, low graduation rates 
-- Increase cost-sharing by students in a manner consistent with the Constitutional requirement for free education
Annex A:
Comparative Performance of the Greek School System
-Learning outcomes 
--Mean performance among 15-year-olds: Below the OECD average and stable over time in reading and science, while some improvement in mathematics 
-- Relative shares of poor-performing students: Above the OECD average but improvements in mathematics 
-- Relative shares of top-performing students: Below the OECD average and, in mathematics, an increase over time 
-- Context for student achievement in Greece
-Equity in the distribution of learning opportunities 
-- Above-average differences in performance between schools 
-- Equal access to resources 
-- Average impact of students’ socio-economic background on learning outcomes 
-- Some other contexts related to poor performance
-The learning environment in the classroom and at school
-How schooling is organised: upper secondary level 
-- Very limited school autonomy over curricular and assessment policies and over resource allocation 
-- Very limited competition among schools 
-- Above-average proportion of private schools 
-- Heterogeneous classrooms 
-- No standards-based assessments and limited use of standardised tests 
-- Limited accountability arrangements 
-- Ineffective spending choices 
-- Providing pre-primary education to the majority of children

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