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Recruiting Immigrant Workers
Recruiting Immigrant Workers: Sweden 2011
OECD Publishing , Date de parution:  11 jan 2012
Pages: 160 , Langue: Anglais
Version: Livre (Broché) + PDF
ISBN: 9789264167209 , Code OCDE: 812011191P1
Prix:   €28 | $39 | £25 | ¥3600 | MXN500 , Frais de livraison inclus
Disponibilité: Disponible
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Autres versions:  Livre électronique - Format PDF

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Sweden reformed its labour migration management policy in 2008 and now has one of the most liberal labour migration regimes in the OECD. This book attempts to answer the question of whether Sweden’s labour migration policy is efficiently working to meet labour market needs that were not being met, without adversely affecting the domestic labour market. The review also examines the impact of the reform on labour migration flows to Sweden and on access to recruitment from abroad by Swedish employers.

After the reform, employers in Sweden were able to recruit  workers from abroad for any occupation, as long as the job had been advertised for a nominal period and the prevailing collective bargaining wage and contractual conditions were respected. Overall, Sweden’s new system has not led to a boom in labour migration, although this somewhat surprising result may be related to the slack labour market. The faith in employers appears to be largely justified until now, although there are some vulnerabilities in the system which could be addressed, especially in monitoring workplaces not covered by collective bargaining, and marginal businesses. The particularities of the relatively highly regulated labour market in Sweden may mean that this model is not easily transferable to other countries, but lessons can be drawn for other countries.

Tables des matières:

Assessment and Recommendations
Bedömning och rekommendationer
Évaluation et recommandations
Chapter 1.
Chapter 2.
Context for labour migration in Sweden
-Labour market characteristics
-Demographic challenges on the horizon
-Structural limits to recruitment from abroad
Chapter 3. Migration to Sweden
-Migration to Sweden in recent years
-Migration to Sweden in international comparison
Chapter 4. The evolution of Swedish labour migration policy
-History of labour migration policy
-Current migration policy
-Employer and trade union opinions
-Comparing Sweden’s new policy with that of other OECD countries
Chapter 5. Impact of the Swedish policy reform
-Changes in overall flows to Sweden
-Changes in labour migration flows
-Changes in the gender and age composition of labour migrants
-Longer permit duration
-Changes in sector of employment of labour migrants pre- and post-reform
-Changes in seasonal workers
-Use of new opportunities to change status
-Changes in nationality of labour migrants
-Changes in employers requesting workers from outside the EU/EFTA
-Changes in characteristics of firms hiring labour migrants
-Changes in wages of newly employed residents working in firms hiring labour migrants
Chapter 6. Evaluating the new Swedish labour migration policy
-Does demand for workers from abroad reflect demand in the labour market?
-Occupations of labour migrants under the new system
-Have labour migrants filled labour shortages?
-Contribution of labour migrants to employment by occupation
-Do small businesses have equal access to recruitment from abroad?
-Efficiency: procedures in practice
-Are sufficient safeguards in place?
Chapter 7. Drawing lessons from Sweden’s labour migration policy
Annex A. Abbreviations
Annex B. Characteristics of labour market tests in different countries
Annex C. Application forms for Swedish work permits and offers of employment
Annex D. STATIV database
Annex E. Shortage occupation list for in-country changes in Sweden (1 April 2011)
Annex F. Supplementary tables on occupations in Sweden

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