This book examines the concept of the compact city and the implication of the current urban context for compact city policies. It explores their potential outcomes, particularly in terms of how it can contribute to Green Growth and looks at developing indicators to monitor compact city and track policy performance. It reviews compact city policies currently being implemented across the OECD in relation to the pursuit of Green Growth objectives and provides ideas to achieve better outcomes. And it assesses the key governance challenges faced by decision-makers as they seek to implement practical compact city strategies. This report is thus intended as “food for thought” for national, sub-national and municipal governments as they seek to address their economic and environmental challenges through the development and implementation of spatial strategies in pursuit of Green Growth objectives. It also illustrates best practices (which present key elements of successful compact city policies) based on empirical evidence that can be shared across OECD member countries.
Tables des matières:
Acronyms and abbreviations Glossary Preface Executive summary The compact city concept in today’s urban contexts -1.1. Introduction -1.2. Defining the compact city -1.3. Key urban trends and the compact city -1.4. The history and evolution of the compact city concept -1.5. Conclusion -Bibliography Chapter 2.How can compact city policies contribute to urban sustainability and green growth? -2.1. Introduction -2.2. The compact city’s potential contribution to urban sustainability -2.3. The compact city’s potential contribution to green growth -2.4. Concerns about policy outcomes and possible responses -2.5. Conclusion -Bibliography Chapter 3.Measuring the performance of a compact city -3.1. Introduction -3.2. Defining key compact city indicators -3.3. Application of the proposed indicators to OECD metropolitan areas -3.4. Conclusion -Bibliography Chapter 4.Current compact city practices in OECD countries -4.1. Introduction -4.2. The OECD Compact City Survey -4.3. The case studies -4.4. A comparative assessment -4.5. Conclusion -Bibliography Chapter 5. Key compact city policy strategies -5.1. Introduction -5.2. Set explicit compact city goals -5.3. Encourage dense and proximate development -5.4. Retrofit existing built-up areas -5.5. Enhance diversity and quality of life -5.6. Minimise adverse negative effects -5.7. Conclusion -Bibliography Chapter 6.Key compact city governance strategies -6.1. Introduction -6.2. Governance and financing challenges in the pursuit of compact city outcomes -6.3. Strategic approaches to improve compact city policy results -6.4. Conclusion -Bibliography Annex A.Compact city policies: country profiles -Australia -Austria -Canada -Czech Republic -Denmark -Estonia -Finland -France -Germany -Greece -Hungary -Italy -Japan -Korea -Luxembourg -Mexico -The Netherlands -New Zealand -Norway -Poland -Portugal -Spain -Sweden -Switzerland -Turkey -United Kingdom -United States