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Latin American Economic Outlook 2013
SME Policies for Structural Change
OECD, Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. Published by : OECD Publishing , Date de parution:  16 nov 2012
Pages: 184 , Langue: Anglais
Version: Livre électronique (Format PDF)
ISBN: 9789264180734 , Code OCDE: 412012071E1
Prix:   €42 | $58 | £37 | ¥5400 | MXN750
Disponibilité: Disponible
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Autres langues:  Chinois (Disponible) Espagnol (Disponible)
Autres versions:  Livre - Broché

Titres connexes

Détails
Imprint:  Centre de Développement de l’OCDE Périodicité: Annuel  

Description

Latin America has weathered the recent turbulence in the global economy with relative strength, but the region now faces – beyond the short-term global uncertainty -- important medium-term risks. Policy makers need to make use of the policy space at their disposal to lay the foundations for inclusive and sustainable growth.  

SMEs play a key role as they are an integral part of the economic fabric, comprising over 95% of firms in the region as well as providing employment for over 60% of the region’s inhabitants. Nevertheless, relative to SMEs in the OECD, on average SMEs in Latin America exhibit low levels of relative productivity and weak links with the rest of the economy. In light of several decades of blanket SME policies with limited impacts in the region, this report proposes a more integrated approach that caters to the productive context and firm specificities. SMEs are part of a greater productive structure, and productive development policies need to be designed to address the particularities of heterogeneous SMEs. These differences can be manifested in many ways including the markets they serve, the types of products they produce, the level of technological sophistication and use of human capital involved in production, as well as the productive links with other firms in the industry. Providing policies which are adapted to the productive context requires co-ordination between various policy areas and levels of government to ensure that interventions are complimentary and effective. With this perspective in mind, the report explores key policy areas that address some of the main challenges to SMEs in the region including access to finance, skill development, innovation, and productive development.


Tables des matières:

Acronyms and abbreviations
Executive summary
Chapter 1. Macroeconomic overview
-Introduction
-The economic situation in Latin America and the international environment
-Short-term impacts
-Macroeconomic policy spaces
-The medium-term international environment and its impact on the region
-Conclusions and recommendations
-References
Chapter 2. Traits and policies of Latin American SMEs
-Introduction
-Regional overview of SMEs
-The economic context in which firms operate
-Changes in development policies
-The institutional context of policies
-Objectives and strategies
-Design and implementation
-Conclusions and recommendations: towards a new vision of policies for SMEs
-References
Chapter 3. Financing SMEs in Latin America
-Introduction
-Trends in the financing of SMEs in Latin America
-Development of the financial system in Latin America: the funding gap
-The role of public financial institutions in financing SMEs
-Improving credit and financing for SMEs in the region: trends and innovative instruments
-Conclusions and recommendations
-Annex 3.A1. Financial structure of companies in Latin America: working capital, fixed assets and collateral
-References
Chapter 4. SMEs, innovation and technological development
-Introduction
-Innovation in the regional context
-Innovations and SMEs: activities, strengths and weaknesses
-ICTs in Latin American SMEs: access and adoption
-Conclusions and recommendations: institutional structure and policies for innovation and dissemination of technology
-Annex 4.A1. Policies directly affecting business innovation in SMEs
-References
Chapter 5. Human capital and skills for SMEs
-Introduction
-SMEs’ training challenge
-Regional overview of technical education and vocational training for SMEs
-Towards a human-capital training strategy for SMEs: conclusions and public-policy recommendations
-References
Chapter 6. Production linkages, clusters and global value chains: seeking answers for SMEs
- Introduction
-Production context, performance of exports, and SMEs’ productivity in Latin America
-Production linkage: a course of action to improve SMEs’ production performance and competitiveness
-Towards greater complexity in associative strategies: insertion of partnership approaches into global value chains
-Outcomes and lessons from the experiences in Latin America
-References

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