Agriculture can have significant impacts on the environment as it uses on average over 40% of water and land resources in OECD countries. The impacts occur on and off farm, including both pollution and degradation of soil, water and air. But agriculture also supplies ecosystem services, such as biodiversity, provides a sink for greenhouse gases, and contributes to flood control and the aesthetic value of landscapes.
This compendium updates the data issued in Environmental Performance of Agriculture at a Glance and provides comprehensive data and analysis on the environmental performance of agriculture in OECD countries since 1990, covering soil, water, air and biodiversity and looking at recent policy developments in all 34 OECD countries.
Tables des matières:
PART I. BACKGROUND AND SCOPE OF THE REPORT Chapter 1. Overview Chapter 2. Policy and market drivers impacting on the recent and future environmental performance of agriculture PART II. OECD TRENDS ON ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS RELATED TO AGRICULTURE SINCE 1990 Chapter 3. Agricultural production, land use, organic farming and transgenic crops Chapter 4. Nutrients: Nitrogen and phosphorus balances Chapter 5. Pesticide sales Chapter 6. Energy: On-farm energy consumption and production of biofuels from agricultural feedstocks Chapter 7. Soil: Water and wind erosion Chapter 8. Water resource withdrawals, irrigated area, and irrigation water application rates Chapter 9. Water quality: Nitrates, phosphorus and pesticides Chapter 10. Ammonia emissions: Acidification and eutrophication Chapter 11. Greenhouse gas emissions: Climate change Chapter 12. Methyl bromide: Ozone depletion Chapter 13. Biodiversity: Farmland bird populations and agricultural land cover Annex A. Use of indicators for policy monitoring and evaluation