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Competitiveness and Private Sector Development
Renewable Energies in the Middle East and North Africa
Policies to Support Private Investment
OECD Publishing , Date de parution:  12 avr 2013
Pages: 132 , Langue: Anglais
Version: Livre (Broché) + PDF
ISBN: 9789264183698 , Code OCDE: 252013011P1
Prix:   €30 | $42 | £27 | ¥3900 | MXN540 , Frais de livraison inclus
Disponibilité: Disponible
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Autres versions:  Livre électronique - Format PDF

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Détails
Tableaux: Graphiques: 15 

Description

The combined effects of the economic crisis and the recent popular uprisings in parts of the Middle East and North Africa have brought social and economic challenges back to the centre of attention of policy makers. For governments searching to create jobs, to satisfy the growing energy demand of their populations and to diversify their economies, the appeal of renewable energies is strong. However, the right policy framework and support need to be put in place if the region wants to attract private investment in the sector and reap the benefits of its favourable resource endowment, especially as regards solar and wind energy.

This report makes the case for a stronger deployment of renewables in the Middle East and North Africa and identifies the appropriate support policies required to stimulate the necessary private investment. An assessment of existing policy frameworks in the region and examples from OECD good practice are used as pointers to help guide policy makers in their choices.  

The analysis contained in this report suggests that support policies targeting the life cycle of renewable energy projects such as feed-in tariffs and power purchase agreements are more effective and less distortive than policies subsidising the initial investment, such as cost reductions. The optimal incentive scheme provides investors with stability through a guaranteed but declining minimum return while imposing enough market risk to foster technological progress.


Tables des matières:

Executive summary
Introduction
Chapter 1. A growing need for investment in renewable energy in the Middle East
and North Africa
-1. Introduction
-2. Rising energy needs across the Middle East and North Africa
-3. Market potential for renewable energy development in MENA
-4. Expected benefits from the development of renewable energies
-5. Conclusion
-References
Chapter 2. Helping to remove barriers: The rationale for support measures
-1. Introduction
-2. Key barriers to investing in renewable energy in MENA
-3. The rationale for government support: Helping remove barriers
-4. Conclusion
-References
Chapter 3. Support mechanisms for the renewable energy sector in the Middle East and North Africa
-1. Introduction
-2. Price-driven incentives: Offering higher tariffs
-3. Quantity-driven incentives
-4. Quotas
-5. Existing renewable energy policy frameworks in the MENA region
-6. Conclusion
-References
Chapter 4. Key Energy Task Force recommendations: The right mix of support measures for renewable energy projects
-1. Create an enabling environment for investors
-2. Choose the right incentive scheme(s)
-3. Best-in-class: investors’ choice
-4. Tailor incentive schemes to benefit the local economy
-5. Monitor, evaluate and review incentive schemes
-References
Chapter 5. Conclusion
-1. Lessons learned: Implementing effective support measures
Annexes:
A. Investment incentives for renewable energy
B. National targets for renewable energy in Mediterranean Partners Countries
C. Incentive schemes for renewable energies in Egypt
D. Incentive schemes for renewable energies in Morocco
E. Competitive bidding schemes in Egypt and Morocco
F. Incentive schemes for renewable energies in Algeria
G. Incentive schemes for renewable energies in Tunisia
H. Summary: Commonly-used investment incentives for renewable energy
I. Main findings on Renewable Energy Sources policies in Mediterranean Partner Countries
J. Members of the MENA-OECD Task Force on Energy and Infrastructure
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