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Interconnected Economies
Benefiting from Global Value Chains
OECD Publishing , Date de parution:  10 sept 2013
Pages: 269 , Langue: Anglais
Version: Livre (Broché) + PDF
ISBN: 9789264183865 , Code OCDE: 922013011P1
Prix:   €55 | $77 | £49 | ¥7100 | MXN990 , Frais de livraison inclus
Disponibilité: Disponible
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Autres langues:  Français (Bientôt disponible)
Autres versions:  Livre électronique - Format PDF

Titres connexes

Détails
Tableaux: 20  Graphiques: 56 

Description

Global Value Chains (GVCs) have exploded in the past decade and refer to the international dispersion of design, production, assembly, marketing and distribution of services, activities, and products. Different stages in the production process are increasingly located across different economies, and intermediate inputs like parts and components are produced in one country and then exported to other countries for further production and/or assembly into final products. The functional and spatial fragmentation that has occurred within GVCs has significantly reshaped the global economic landscape, thereby raising some new major policy challenges for OECD countries and emerging countries alike: trade policy, competitiveness, upgrading and innovation and the management of global systemic risk.


Tables des matières:

Executive summary
Chapter 1. The rise of global value chains

-A new phase in economic globalisation
-Understanding global value chains
-Mapping GVCs
-GVCs: Part of a new economic paradigm?
-The need for new policy thinking
Chapter 2. Measuring trade in value added
-What is trade in value added?
-Why measuring trade in value added is important
-Estimating trade in value added
-Annex 2.A1. Indicator descriptions and definitions
-Annex 2.A2. Future improvements
Chapter 3. Implications of global value chains for trade policy
-Effects of global value chains on trade and trade policy
-The impact of tariff barriers on GVCs
-Non-tariff trade costs along the value chain
-The role of trade liberalisation in the expansion of GVCs
-Key policy implications
Chapter 4. Global value chains and international investment
-The link between multinationals and global value chains
-Trends in international investment in GVCs
-Policy implications
Chapter 5. The role of global value chains in economic development
-The shifting geography of economic globalisation
-Emerging economies, manufacturing and GVCs
-China as the factory of the world?
-GVCs and industrial development
-GVC policies for emerging/developing economies
-Annex 5.A1. Technology classification of industries
-Annex 5.A2. Export competitiveness and GVCs: Mexico, Thailand and the Czech Republic, 2000 and 2010
Chapter 6. Global value chains and competitiveness
-Competitiveness in interconnected economies
-International sourcing, export specialisation and competitiveness
-Manufacturing competitiveness
-Annex 6.A1. Foreign value added and domestic content of gross exports, 2009 (%)
-Annex 6.A2. GVC income, manufacturing and market services, 2009
-Annex 6.A3. Dissimilarity of RCA measures in gross and value-added terms by country and
industry, 2009
-Annex 6.A4. Description of data and sample – econometric model
Chapter 7. Upgrading in global value chains: The role of knowledge-based capital
-Innovation and upgrading in GVCs
-Knowledge-based capital as driver for innovation and upgrading in GVCs
-Knowledge-based capital as a resource for upgrading GVC activities
-The importance of knowledge-based assets in GVCs
-Policy considerations
-Annex 7.A1. Econometric model on the effect of knowledge-based capital and export
competitiveness
-Annex 7.A2. Econometric model on the effect of knowledge-based capital and GVC upgrading
Chapter 8. Global value chains: Managing the risks
-Globalisation and systemic risk
-The link between GVCs and global systemic risk: The 2008/09 financial crisis and the 2011 Japanese earthquake
-Policy implications for the management of GVC risks
-Annex 8.A1. Classification of GVC risk
-Annex 8.A2. Import dependency from Japanese intermediates, 2009 (Imports of intermediate
goods from Japan as share of total intermediate imports)

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