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Activating Jobseekers
How Australia Does It
OECD Publishing , Date de parution:  17 jan 2013
Pages: 252 , Langue: Anglais
Version: Livre (Broché) + PDF
ISBN: 9789264185913 , Code OCDE: 812013041P1
Prix:   €40 | $56 | £36 | ¥5200 | MXN720 , Frais de livraison inclus
Disponibilité: Disponible
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Autres versions:  Livre électronique - Format PDF

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This report on the recent Australian experience with activation policies contains valuable lessons for other countries that need to improve the effectiveness of employment services and control benefit expenditure. It provides overview and assessment of labour market policies in Australia including the main institutions, benefit system, training programmes, employment incentives, and disability employment assistance.

Australia is unique among OECD countries in that its mainstream employment services are all delivered by over 100 for-profit and non-profit providers competing in a “quasi-market”, with their operations financed by service fees, employment outcome payments, and a special fund for measures that tackle jobseekers’ barriers to employment. In most other OECD countries, these services are delivered by the Public Employment Service. In the mid 2000s, several benefits previously paid without a job-search requirement were closed or reformed, bringing more people into the effective labour force.

Australia now has one of the highest employment rates in the OECD and this report concludes that its activation system deserves some of the credit for this relatively good performance. The Job Services Australia model, introduced in 2009, reinforced the focus on employment outcomes for highly-disadvantaged groups. This report assesses the latest model for activation and puts forward some recommendations to improve its effectiveness.

Tables des matières:

Acronyms and abbreviations

Executive summary
Summary and recommendations
Chapter 1. The background to active labour market policies in Australia
-Demography, immigration and education
-Labour market trends
-Labour market situation of specific groups
-The role of social and labour market policies
-Patterns of labour market spending
Chapter 2. The institutional set-up of Australia’s labour market policy and employment services
-Key actors in labour market policy
-Contracting-out under Job Network and Job Services Australia
-Features of JSA contract management
-Disability Employment Services
-Project funding
-Human resources and workload in employment services
Chapter 3. Job brokerage and activation strategies in Australia
-Scheduled interventions in the unemployment spell in the JSA model
-Provider fees and the Employment Pathway Fund
-The Job Seeker Classification Instrument, Job Capacity Assessment and Star Rating system
-Incentive implications of the JSA funding model
-Providers’ operational strategies and operating environment
-Placement performance and Star Rating outcomes
-JSA client groups
-Key points
Chapter 4. Unemployment and related benefits in Australia
-The main working-age benefits
-Exemptions and suspensions from active jobseeker status
-Participation requirements and the compliance regime
-The history of activation of unemployment and inactive benefits
-Evaluation findings from the reforms of inactive benefits
-Income support recipiency rates and employment rates
-Key points
Chapter 5. Australian active labour market programmes
-International comparison and overview of active labour market programmes
-Training programmes
-Work experience programmes
-Start-up incentives
-ALMPs for specific target groups
-Monitoring and evaluation of active labour market programmes
-Key points
-Annex 5.A1. National programme level data for public expenditure, participant stocks and expenditure per participant-year, 2001/02 to 2010/11

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