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Specialised Anti-Corruption Institutions
Review of Models: Second Edition
OECD Publishing , Date de parution:  14 mars 2013
Pages: 180 , Langue: Anglais
Version: Livre électronique (Format PDF)
ISBN: 9789264187207 , Code OCDE: 282012031E1
Prix:   €24 | $34 | £21 | ¥3100 | MXN440
Disponibilité: Disponible
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Autres versions:  Livre - Broché

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Description

This report provides a comparative overview of common standards and key features of specialised anti-corruption institutions and comprehensive descriptions of 19 anti-corruption institutions operating in different parts of the world, presented in a comparable framework. This new edition of an 2008 report reflects the evolving understanding of international standards and the practice and the most recent experiences of anti-corruption institutions. The report discusses three "models" of anti-corruption institutions: multi-functional anti-corruption agencies, institutions fighting corruption through law enforcement and prevention institutions.  

Encouraged by international conventions and success of some specialised anti-corruption institutions in earlier times, such as the Hong Kong’s anti-corruption commission, many countries around the world, including those in Eastern Europe, have created new specialised institutions to prevent and combat corruption over the past decade. Establishing such bodies was often seen as the only way to reduce widespread corruption, as existing institutions were considered too weak for the task, or were considered to be part of the corruption-problem. The report highlights that while many of these new anti-corruption agencies have shown good results, they cannot fight corruption alone. Other public institutions, including various specialised integrity and control bodies, and internal units in various public institutions should play a role in preventing and detecting corruption in different sectors of public administration.


Tables des matières:

Acronyms and Abbreviations
Executive Summary
PART I. INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS AND MODELS OF ANTI-CORRUPTION INSTITUTIONS
Chapter 1. Sources of International Standards
-Twenty guiding principles for the fight against corruption
-Council of Europe Criminal Law Convention on Corruption
-United Nations Convention against Corruption
-Bibliography
Chapter 2. Elements of International Standards
-Main anti-corruption functions
-Specialisation
-Independence and autonomy
-Accountability and transparency
-Adequate resources, means and training
-Inter-agency co-operation and involvement of the public
-International co-operation and networking
-Assessing the performance of anti-corruption institutions
-Bibliography
Chapter 3. Models of Anti-Corruption Institutions
-Multi-purpose anti-corruption agencies
-Law enforcement type institutions
-Preventive institutions
-Rationales for establishing anti-corruption institutions and selecting the model
-Bibliography
PART II. SELECTED MODELS OF SPECIALISED ANTI-CORRUPTION INSTITUTIONS
Chapter 4. Multi-purpose Anti-Corruption Agencies
-Hong Kong, China: Independent Commission Against Corruption
-Singapore: Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau
-Lithuania: Special Investigation Service
-Latvia: Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau
-Poland: Central Anti-corruption Bureau
-Indonesia: Corruption Eradication Commission
-Botswana: the Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime
Chapter 5. Law Enforcement Type Institutions
-Spain: The Special Prosecutor’s Office against Corruption and Organised Crime
-Romania: National Anti-corruption Directorate
-Azerbaijan: Anti-Corruption Department with the General Prosecutor's Office
-Croatia: Office for the Suppression of Corruption and Organised Crime
-Norway: The Norwegian National Authority for Investigation and Prosecution
of Economic and Environmental Crime
-United Kingdom: Serious Fraud Office
Chapter 6. Corruption Prevention Institutions
Specialised Anti-Corruption Policy and Corruption Prevention Bodies
-
France: Central Service for Prevention of Corruption
-Slovenia: Commission for the Prevention of Corruption
-Serbia: Anti-Corruption Agency
-The Former Federal Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: State Commission
for Prevention of Corruption
Other State Institutions with Corruption Prevention Functions
-
The United States: Office of Government Ethics
-Brazil: The Office of the Comptroller General
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