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Recruiting Immigrant Workers
Recruiting Immigrant Workers: Germany 2013
OECD Publishing , Date de parution:  11 fév 2013
Pages: 180 , Langue: Anglais
Version: Livre (Broché) + PDF
ISBN: 9789264189003 , Code OCDE: 812013101P1
Prix:   €28 | $39 | £25 | ¥3600 | MXN500 , Frais de livraison inclus
Disponibilité: Disponible
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Autres langues:  Allemand (Disponible (impression à la demande))
Autres versions:  Livre électronique - Format PDF

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Détails

Description

Recent reforms have put Germany among the OECD countries with the fewest restrictions on labour migration for highly-skilled occupations, yet inflows continue to be relatively low. As labour migration is supposed to be one means to help meet future labour and skill shortages caused by a shrinking working-age population, this book addresses the question of how to ensure that international recruitment can help meet urgent needs in the labour market which cannot be met locally. The review examines key issues in the design of the German labour migration system, on the demand side and on the supply side.

German employers can recruit from abroad for any job requiring university-level qualifications. Yet even employers declaring shortages have not done so, in part, due to their insistence on German-language skills and specific qualifications, and in part to a perception that international recruitment is complex and unreliable. While the process could be made more transparent, its negative reputation is unjustified. International students appear well positioned to meet employer concerns, but Germany could do more  to promote this channel for labour migration. A large part of the demand is also expected in skilled occupations requiring non-tertiary vocational training, but here, channels remain more restrictive. To address anticipated shortages in these occupations, more should be done to recruit into the dual system, and Germany’s new recognition framework could contribute to open new channels.


Tables des matières:

Acronyms and abbreviations
Executive summary
Assessment and recommendations
Introduction
Chapter 1
. Context for labour migration
-Current labour market conditions
-Demographic context
-Labour shortages
-The expected role of labour migration in the overall strategy to meet skills shortages
-References
Chapter 2. Evolution and characteristics of labour migration to Germany
-Permanent flows
-Characteristics of migration flows for employment
-Temporary labour migration flows
-References
Chapter 3. Evolution of labour migration policy
-The “Guestworker” recruitment (1955-1973)
-A general recruitment stop with few exceptions (1973-2000)
-Cautious opening to skilled migration (2000-05)
-The 2005 Immigration Act
-Continuous liberalisations: reform efforts since 2005
-References
Chapter 4. Key issues in the legal and administrative framework
-Processing times and procedural issues
-Selection of migrants
-References
Chapter 5. Key issues in demand and supply
-Making Germany attractive for potential workers
-International students as a source for labour migration
-Making labour migration an option for German employers
-Opening to lesser-skilled migration?
-References
Annex A. Occupational change in Germany over the past decade and the contribution of new immigrants
Annex B. Additional tables
Annex C. OECD/DIHK Employer Survey

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