Imprint: Club du Sahel et de l'Afrique de l'OuestTableaux: 3
This study first analyses an old and recurring form of instability in the region: conflict over resources. A series of case studies examines the causes of these conflicts with reference to the associated regional challenges and response tools. Secondly, the study addresses terrorism, a relatively new dimension of insecurity. It outlines the development of AQMI and Boko Haram and then focuses on a comparative analysis of legal mechanisms to fight against terrorism. The argument holds that the congruence of these insecurities and the current violent crises present an unprecedented risk of destabilisation for West Africa and the international community.
Tables des matières:
Part I. Conflict over resources Chapter 1. Environmental and security parameters 1.1 Defining environmental security 1.2 Parameters used to analyse the link between environmental resources and conflict 1.3 Environment, food security and conflict 1.4 Debate on the relationship between migration and climate 1.5 Vulnerability to climate hazards and the link between resources and conflict Bibliography Chapter 2. Land conflicts 2.1 Definitions 2.2 History 2.3 Recurrent overlapping causes 2.4 Factors specific to West Africa 2.5 Dimensions of land conflicts 2.6 Regional and local mechanisms of regulation 2.7 Challenges Bibliography Chapter 3. Agro-pastoral tensions 3.1 Definitions 3.2 History 3.3 Causes of agro-pastoral tensions 3.4 Manifestations and scales of insecurity 3.5 Resolution mechanisms 3.6 Challenges Bibliography Part II - Terrorism Chapter 4. Analysis of the crisis in northern Mali 4.1 Challenges 4.2 Situation 4.3 Causes of the crisis: Historical roots and structural risks 4.4 Policy challenges Bibliography Chapter 5. Boko Haram: A new threat in West Africa 5.1 Origins and development 5.2 Causes and drivers of the insurgency 5.3 Regional and international challenges Bibliography Chapter 6. Applying anti-terrorism mechanisms 6.1 International mechanisms of regulation 6.2 Critical analysis of anti-terrorism laws Annex 6.A1 Anti-terrorism laws in West African states Annex 6.A2 Legislation sources Bibliography