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Conflict and Fragility
Fragile States
Resource Flows and Trends
OECD Publishing , Date de parution:  08 avr 2013
Pages: 108 , Langue: Anglais
Version: Livre (Broché) + PDF
ISBN: 9789264190382 , Code OCDE: 432012211P1
Prix:   €30 | $42 | £27 | ¥3900 | MXN540 , Frais de livraison inclus
Disponibilité: Disponible
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Autres versions:  Livre électronique - Format PDF

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Description

By 2015, half of the world’s people living on less than USD 1.25 a day will be in fragile states. While poverty has decreased globally, progress on Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 1 is slower in fragile states than in other developing countries. Fragile states are also off-track to meet the rest of the MDGs by 2015.

Fragile situations became a central concern of the international development and security agenda in the 1990s. Since then, powerful forces have been influencing the causes and manifestations of fragility, including the combination of democratic aspirations, new technologies, demographic shifts and climate change. The last five years have been especially tumultuous, encompassing the 2008 food, fuel and financial crisis and the Arab Spring, which began in 2011.

These events have influenced the international debate on the nature, relevance and implications of fragility. While situations of fragility clearly have common elements – including poverty, inequality and vulnerability – how can we make sense of the great diversity in their national income, endowment in natural resources or historical trajectories? How do we move towards a more substantive concept of fragility that goes beyond a primary focus on the quality of government policies and institutions to include a broader picture of the economy and society?

This publication takes stock of i) the evolution of fragility as a concept, ii) analyses of financial flows to and within fragile states between 2000 and 2010, and iii) trends and issues that are likely to shape fragility in the years to come.

Tables des matières:
Acronyms and abbreviations
Executive summary
Introduction

Chapter 1. The changing face of fragility
-Question 1. How are countries in fragile situations faring?
-Question 2: In what ways does fragility matter?
-References
Chapter 2. Financial flows in fragile states
-Question 3. What are the main financial flows in fragile states?
-Question 4: How has development co-operation with fragile states evolved over the past decade?
-Question 5: How has the quality of aid to fragile states changed over the past decade?
-Question 6: Do fragile states benefit from foreign direct investment and international trade?
-Question 7. How important are flows from diasporas?
-Question 8: Are fragile states able to mobilise tax revenue?
-References
Chapter 3. The outlook for fragile states
-Question 9: What are the aid, growth and poverty prospects for fragile states?
-Question 10: What issues are likely to shape fragility in the years ahead?
-Conclusion: What is next for international engagement in situations of fragility?
-References
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